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6211.0 - Child Employment, Australia, Jun 2006  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 15/02/2007  First Issue
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Children who work for themselves

A child who operates his or her own unincorporated economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade. Informal work for relatives or neighbours for payment where the child has solicited the employment is included.


A person who operates his or her own unincorporated economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade, and hires one or more employees; or a business with one or more employees. For the Child Employment Survey it includes formal work for a registered non-family business and informal work for relatives or neighbours for payment, where the employer has solicited the child's employment.

Family business or farm

An economic enterprise (e.g. company, partnership or individual) operated solely by a relative of the child.

Main job during school holidays

The job in which the child worked the most hours during school holidays.

Main job during school terms

The job in which the child worked the most hours during school terms.

Mode of travel to and from work

Refers to the mode(s) of transport usually used to get to and from the place(s) of work. It excludes travel undertaken during the course of work.

Number of weeks worked

The number of weeks within the reference period where the child did any work. For example, if a child worked one hour a week for five weeks, this would constitute five weeks worked. If a child worked 20 hours a week for five weeks, this would also constitute five weeks worked.

Occupation of main job

Coded according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations, 2006 edition (cat. no. 1221.0). For more information see paragraph 21 of the Explanatory Notes.

Parent or guardian

A parent is a natural, step, adoptive or foster mother or father of a child and resident in the same household as the child. A guardian is a person aged 15 years and over who is reported as being the guardian or main carer of a child, regardless of the existence of any legal arrangement, and resident in the same household as the child. Throughout this publication the term 'parent' also refers to guardians.

Reference period

The 12 months prior to interview in June 2006.

School holidays

The periods of time between school terms. It includes all school holidays in the reference period. It excludes holidays taken during school terms, public holidays that fall during school terms and pupil free days. Note that school holidays differ between states and territories. All work undertaken by home-schooled children has been included under school holidays.

School terms

The official periods of time during which school was attended in the reference period. It includes weekends that fall between two weeks of school, pupil free days and public holidays that would otherwise constitute a school day. Note that school terms differ between states and territories.

Time(s) of the day worked

Refers to the time(s) of the day usually worked, that is the most common pattern of work undertaken. Time used for preparation is included. Children were counted in each of the time period categories they worked in, even if they did not work for the whole of that period. Children may appear in more than one category as they may have worked across more than one of the time periods presented.

Usual hours worked per week

Includes hours of preparation and regular shifts that the child works. It excludes irregular or extra shifts worked by the child and time taken to travel to and from work.

Worked in the last 12 months

Work occurred during the 12 month reference period if the child undertook activities for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind in a job, business or on a farm, or worked without pay in a family business or farm. Some examples of children's work include carrying out work for non-household members for payment, busking or delivering leaflets. Note that chores undertaken for the child's household are excluded. See paragraphs 16 to 19 of the Explanatory Notes for further explanation of work.

Work-related injury or illness

Injuries or illnesses that were a direct result of the child working. Excludes injuries which were diagnosed more than 12 months ago and accidents that did not result in an injury (e.g. a minor scratch).

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