6209.5 - Labour Mobility and Intentions, Western Australia, Oct 2008  
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GLOSSARY

Advanced Diploma or below

For this publication this includes Advanced Diploma, Diploma, Certificate III/IV, Certificate I/II, Certificate not further defined, Other education and Level not determined.

All other households

This may include family of related individuals residing in the same household. These individuals do not form a couple or parent-child relationship with any other person in the household and are not related to a couple or one parent family in the household.

Ceased a job

Left a job voluntarily or involuntarily. Leaving a job voluntarily includes leaving a job because:

  • of unsatisfactory work arrangements/pay/hours
  • the job was seasonal, temporary or a holiday job and they left that job to return to studies
  • they retired, started a new business, got a better job, or left for family or other reasons.

Losing a job involuntarily includes leaving a job because:
  • they were retrenched or their business closed down because of financial difficulties
  • the job was seasonal, temporary or a holiday job and they did not leave that job to return to studies
  • they left their job because of their own ill health or injury.

Change in employer/business

People who were employed at October 2008 and, within the 2 years to October 2008, ceased working with one employer/business and started working with another employer/business in relation to their main job.

Change in employment type

Any change in employment type in relation to main job.

Change in industry Division

Any change between industry Divisions as classified by the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), Second Edition, 2006 (cat. no. 1292.0).

Change in Major occupation group

Any change between Major occupation groups as classified by the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations, (ANZSCO), First Edition, 2006 (cat. no. 1220.0).

Contributing family workers

People who work without pay, in an economic enterprise operated by a relative.

Couple only household

A couple relationship is defined as two people usually residing in the same household who share a social, economic and emotional bond usually associated with marriage and who consider their relationship to be a marriage or marriage-like union. This relationship is identified by the presence of a registered marriage or de facto marriage.

Couple with children

This is a couple family with children present. It can be expanded to elaborate on the characteristics of those children, such as their number, age and dependency status. This family may or may not include other related individuals.

Current employer/business

Refers to the employer/business which the person had in the week before the interview. Where the person had more than one employer/business, the employer/business for which most hours were usually worked, was regarded as the current employer/business.

Did not change employer/business in two years to October 2008

Refers to people who were employed at October 2008 in the same job for 2 years or more and people who had been in their current job for less than two years but had not had any other job in the 2 year period.

Different employment type

See 'Change in employment type'.

Different industry

See 'Change in industry Division'.

Different occupation

See 'Change in Major occupation group'.

Duration of last job

The period from the commencement of the last job up to the time the person ceased working in that job.

Duration with employer/business at October 2008

A period of either less than or more than 2 years from when current employment commenced to October 2008.

Employed

People aged 15 years and over who, during the reference week:
  • worked for one hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind, in a job or business or on a farm (comprising employees, employers and own account workers); or
  • worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a farm (i.e. contributing family workers); or
  • were employees who had a job but were not at work and were away from work for less than four weeks up to the end of the reference week; or
  • away from work for more than four weeks up to the end of the reference week and received pay for some or all of the four week period to the end of the reference week; or
  • away from work as a standard work or shift arrangement; or
  • on strike or locked out; or
  • on workers' compensation and expected to return to their job; or were employers or own account workers who had a job, business or farm, but were not at work.

Employees

People who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, a retainer fee from their employer while working on a commission basis, tips, piece rates, or payment in kind, or people who operate their own incorporated enterprise with or without hiring employees.

Employer/business at October 2008

See 'Current employer/business'.

Employers

People who operate their own unincorporated economic enterprise or engage independently in a profession or trade, and hire one or more employees.

Employment type

Classifies employed people according to the following categories on the basis of their main job (that is, the job in which they usually worked the most hours):
  • Employees (excluding owner managers of incorporated enterprises)
      • with paid leave entitlements
      • without paid leave entitlements
  • Owner managers of incorporated enterprises
  • Owner managers of unincorporated enterprises
  • Contributing family workers.

Fly-in Fly-out workers

Fly-in Fly-out (FIFO) mining operations are those where workers commute to the workplace and are provided with food and accommodation during their stay at the work-site. Workers travel from their usual place of residence and remain there for a period of time and return home between rosters. Also referred to as long distance commuting including Ship-in Ship-out, Drive-in Drive-out, or other transport combinations.

Household

A group of residents of a dwelling who share common facilities and meals or who consider themselves to be a household. It is possible for a dwelling to contain more than one household, for example, where regular provision is made for groups to take meals separately and where persons consider their household to be separate.

Industry

All occurrences of industry in this publication refer to Division, as classified by the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), Second Edition, 2006 (cat. no. 1292.0).

For this Supplementary Survey, Industry classifications for a person's current job were derived from August 2008 and November 2008 Labour Force Surveys (see Explanatory Notes) while for previous and intended industry the question was asked directly.

Job leavers

People who ceased a job voluntarily, because:
  • of unsatisfactory work arrangements/pay/hours; or
  • the job was seasonal, temporary or a holiday job and they left that job to return to studies; or
  • they retired, started a new business, got a better job, left for family reasons.

Job losers

People who ceased a job involuntarily, because:
  • they were retrenched or their business closed down because of financial difficulties; or
  • the job was seasonal, temporary or a holiday job and they did not leave that job to return to studies; or
  • they left their job because of their own ill health or injury.

Last job

The last job in which employment ceased during the reference period.

Level of highest educational attainment

Level of highest educational attainment identifies the highest achievement a person has attained in any area of study. It is not a measurement of the relative importance of different fields of study but a ranking of qualifications and other educational attainments regardless of the particular area of study or the type of institution in which the study was undertaken. See Appendix for an explanation of how highest level is derived.

Level of highest non-school qualification

Non-school qualifications are awarded for educational attainments other than those of pre-primary, primary or secondary education. They include qualifications at the Post Graduate Degree level, Master Degree level, Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate level, Bachelor Degree level, Advanced Diploma and Diploma level, and Certificates I, II, III and IV levels. Non-school qualifications may be attained concurrently with school qualifications.

Lone parent with children

A family consisting of a lone parent with at least one dependent or non-dependent child (regardless of age) who is also usually resident in the family. This family type may or may not include other related individuals.

The one parent family concept can be expanded to elaborate on the characteristics of the children, such as whether they are dependent children or not and for dependent children whether they are aged under 15 or are dependent students. Examples of one parent families include: a 25-year-old parent with dependent children; and an 80-year-old parent living with a 50-year-old child.

Main job

The job in which the most hours were usually worked.

Mining industry

Mining is used in the broad sense to include underground or open cut mining, dredging, quarrying, well operations or evaporation pans, recovery from ore dumps or tailings as well as beneficiation activities and other preparation work. Two basic activities are involved, Mine operation and Mining support activities.

Mine operation

Mine operation includes units operating mines, quarries, or oil and gas wells on their own account or for others on a contract or fee basis, as well as mining sites under development.

Mining support activities

Mining support activities include units that perform mining services on a contract or fee basis, and exploration (except geophysical surveying).

Non-metropolitan region

The Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) divides Western Australia into two Major Statistical Regions, namely Perth Major Statistical Region and the Balance of Western Australia. Non-metropolitan region is represented by the Balance of Western Australia Major Statistical Region, and can be further subdivided into two Statistical Regions, namely: Lower Western Australia Statistical Region; and Remainder - Balance Western Australia Statistical Region. For further information refer to Australian Standard Geographical Classification (cat. no. 1216.0).

The non-metropolitan region refers to all regions of Western Australia outside the Perth metropolitan area.

Not employed

People who were either 'unemployed and looking for work' or 'not in the labour force' as defined.

Not in the labour force

People who were not in the categories ‘employed’ or ‘unemployed’ as defined.

Not working at October 2008

See 'Not employed'.

Occupation

All occurrences of occupation in this publication relate to Major Group as defined by - Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO), First Edition, 2006 (cat.no.1220.0).

For this Survey, occupation classifications for a person's current job were derived from the August 2008 and November 2008 Labour Force Surveys (see Explanatory Notes). For previous jobs, occupation was asked directly.

Own account workers

People who operated their own unincorporated economic enterprise or engaged independently in a profession or trade, and hired no employees.

Owner managers

People who work in their own business, with or without employees, whether or not the business is an incorporated enterprise. Comprises owner managers of incorporated enterprises and owner managers of unincorporated enterprises.

Owner managers of incorporated enterprises (OMIE)

People who worked in their own incorporated enterprise, that is, a business entity which is registered as a separate legal entity to its members or owners (also known as a limited liability company). These people are usually classified as employees under 'status in employment'.

For the purposes of this publication these OMIEs are classified as self employees.

Owner managers of unincorporated enterprises

People who operated their own unincorporated enterprise, that is, a business entity in which the owner and the business are legally inseparable, so that the owner is liable for any business debts that are incurred. Includes those engaged independently in a trade or profession. These people are classified as employers under 'status in employment' if their business has employees, or own account workers if it does not.

Previous job

See 'Last job'.

Reference period

The week up to the end of the week prior to interview.

Reference week

The week preceding the week in which the interview was conducted.

Region of usual residence

A person’s area of usual residence as classified by the Statistical Region structure in the Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC). The classification divides Western Australia into two Major Statistical Regions - the Perth Major Statistical Region and the Balance of WA (otherwise known as the non-metropolitan region.) Perth Major Statistical Region is further divided into Statistical Regions of - Central Metropolitan, East Metropolitan, North Metropolitan, South West Metropolitan and South East Metropolitan. For further information refer to Australian Standard Geographical Classification, cat. no. 1216.0 and Information Paper: Regional Labour Force Statistics, September 1997, cat. no. 6262.0.

Self employed

See ''Owner managers'. For the purposes of this publication all owner managers (of both incorporated or unincorporated enterprises) are categorised as self employed.

Small business

Any business with fewer than 20 employees.

Status in employment

Employed people classified by whether they were employees, employers, own account workers, or contributing family workers.

TAFE

Technical and Further Education colleges are non-university government funded tertiary institutions that provide vocational training courses in higher education and issue higher education awards such as: certificates and diplomas.

Unemployed

People aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and:
  • had actively looked for full-time or part-time work at any time in the four weeks up to the end of the reference week and were available for work in the reference week, or
  • were waiting to start a new job within four weeks from the end of the reference week, and could have started in the reference week if the job had been available then.

Worked at some time during the year ending October 2008

For practical reasons it was not possible to include all of the questions from the Labour Force Survey for previous periods. People who were either currently employed, or reported having worked for an employer or in their own business at some time in the previous year, were defined as having worked at some time during the year ending October 2008.

Working at October 2008

See 'Employed'.