4713.0 - Population Characteristics, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/05/2010  Final
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APPENDIX 1 CENSUS LABOUR FORCE DATA


CENSUS LABOUR FORCE DATA

Care should be taken when comparing labour force data from the Census with information collected in the monthly Labour Force Survey (LFS). While the Census aims to derive labour force status that is comparable with the LFS, the questions are not as detailed. There are a range of other differences in the scope, coverage, timing, measurement of underlying labour force concepts and collection methodologies of the LFS and Census.


The Census uses a shorter questionnaire module to determine labour force status. The shortened set of questions in the Census do not determine labour force status as precisely as the full LFS questionnaire, resulting in some differences. Other differences occur because of the self-enumerated nature of the Census questions and the differences in interpretation among respondents. As a result, the LFS and Census definitions differ slightly for those employed, unemployed, and not in the labour force.


For example, within the total persons employed category, the LFS does not have a category of 'employed, away from work'. People away from work are categorised as either employed full-time or part-time based on their usual hours worked. The Census uses actual hours worked to determine whether someone is employed full-time or part-time, and a response to Question 34 'Last week, did the person have a full-time or part-time job of any kind?' to determine whether they were employed, but away from work. Census estimates are also affected by non-response. LFS estimates only include fully responding questionnaires and are adjusted to account for any non-response.


For more information on Indigenous labour force estimates from the LFS, including information on other sources of labour force information, refer to Labour Force Characteristics of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006 (cat. no. 6287.0) and Labour Force Status (LFS06P) - Characteristics 2006 Data Quality Statement available on the ABS website.


The National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS) 2002 and National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS) 2004-05 also provide data on labour force characteristics of Indigenous people. Both these surveys are based on the same underlying concepts of the LFS however, as with Census, there are differences in collection methodologies, definitions, questions and estimation procedures which affect the comparability of data between collections.



INDUSTRY AND OCCUPATION

Labour Force Survey industry and occupation figures are generally higher than Census data, as Census estimates are not adjusted for underenumeration and only include those usual residents present in Australia. While the Census and LFS counts may differ, the proportions of people in each industry and occupation category are similar at the broad level.


For more information on 2006 Census industry and occupation data see:

  • Industry of Employment - Characteristics 2006 Data Quality Statement
  • Occupation - Characteristics 2006 Data Quality Statement


Occupation

The Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO) Second Edition was used for the 1996 and 2001 Censuses. The 2006 Census introduces a new occupation classification called the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO). While classification criteria for ANZSCO are essentially the same as those used for ASCO Second Edition, the application of the skill level criterion has changed. In ASCO Second Edition, the skill level required for entry to an occupation was considered. In ANZSCO, the skill level required for competent performance of the set of tasks associated with the occupation is used.


ANZSCO and ASCO Second Edition are not directly comparable, however occupation data for the 2006 Census are available based on both classifications to assist in maintaining time series. The occupation data and analysis presented in Chapter 7-Work use the revised ANZSCO classification. The 2001 and 2006 Census comparisons for the Indigenous population using the ASCO Second Edition classification are presented below.

A1.1 Occupation of employment (ASCO2)(a), Indigenous persons - 2001 and 2006 Census

Major Cities
Inner Regional
Outer Regional
Remote
Very Remote
Australia(b)
Occupation
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
%

2006 Census

Managers and Administrators
1 824
914
968
357
405
4 476
3.7
Professionals
6 091
2 909
2 636
1 113
1 799
14 578
12.1
Associate Professionals
4 619
2 221
2 174
882
1 035
10 956
9.1
Tradespersons and Related Workers
5 440
3 376
2 842
963
950
13 634
11.3
Advanced Clerical and Service Workers
827
362
347
106
98
1 743
1.4
Intermediate Clerical, Sales and Service Workers
8 984
4 757
4 613
1 703
2 641
22 741
18.9
Intermediate Production and Transport Workers
4 575
2 633
2 609
970
1 137
11 999
10.0
Elementary Clerical, Sales and Service Workers
4 548
2 527
2 064
658
1 143
10 970
9.1
Labourers and Related Workers
5 572
4 531
5 366
2 527
7 618
25 693
21.4
Inadequately described
711
427
558
443
1 314
3 468
2.9
Total
43 191
24 657
24 177
9 722
18 140
120 258
100.0

2001 Census

Managers and Administrators
1 477
683
917
309
419
3 808
3.9
Professionals
4 625
2 099
2 190
856
1 326
11 102
11.4
Associate Professionals
3 575
1 575
1 693
692
1 036
8 581
8.8
Tradespersons and Related Workers
4 063
2 334
2 164
778
843
10 201
10.5
Advanced Clerical and Service Workers
853
330
387
151
130
1 851
1.9
Intermediate Clerical, Sales and Service Workers
7 095
3 547
3 859
1 424
2 215
18 146
18.6
Intermediate Production and Transport Workers
3 379
1 867
2 043
904
1 447
9 656
9.9
Elementary Clerical, Sales and Service Workers
3 534
1 775
1 685
545
1 067
8 609
8.8
Labourers and Related Workers
3 896
3 449
5 090
2 291
8 880
23 611
24.2
Inadequately described
454
236
409
210
683
1 992
2.0
Total
32 951
17 895
20 437
8 160
18 046
97 557
100.0

(a) Employed Indigenous persons aged 15 years and over.
(b) Includes persons with no usual address and persons enumerated in migratory CDs, as a result components may not add to total.
Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. Based on place of usual residence.



Industry

The Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification 2006 (ANZSIC06) is used to classify responses given to the industry question in the 2006 Census. ANZSIC was first published in 1993 and has been revised for 2006. ANZSIC06 is the result of a substantial review of the classification and presents a more contemporary industrial classification system. Issues such as changes in the structure and composition of the economy, changes in user demands and compatibility with other major international classification standards were taken into account.


ANZSIC93 and ANZSIC06 are not directly comparable, however industry data for the 2006 Census is available for both the previous and revised classifications to assist in maintaining time series. The industry data presented in Chapter 7 - Work uses the revised ANZSIC06 classification. The 2001 and 2006 Census comparisons for the Indigenous population using the ANZSIC93 classification are presented below.

A1.2 Industry of employment (ANZSIC93)(a), Indigenous persons - 2001 and 2006 Census

Major Cities
Inner Regional
Outer Regional
Remote
Very Remote
Australia(b)
Industry
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
%

2006 Census

Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
253
800
1 576
457
576
3 689
3.1
Mining
341
396
679
630
415
2 481
2.1
Manufacturing
4 396
2 498
1 748
303
242
9 220
7.8
Electricity, Gas and Water Supply
261
218
136
40
29
684
0.6
Construction
3 586
2 146
1 650
502
412
8 343
7.1
Wholesale Trade
1 658
841
650
134
61
3 353
2.8
Retail Trade
5 527
3 377
2 364
607
592
12 496
10.6
Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants
2 158
1 365
1 318
460
254
5 586
4.7
Transport and Storage
2 074
902
858
248
169
4 279
3.6
Communication Services
834
211
161
45
29
1 283
1.1
Finance and Insurance
839
248
198
50
40
1 375
1.2
Property and Business Services
3 630
1 694
1 538
523
433
7 841
6.7
Government Administration and Defence
4 054
1 972
3 014
1 756
7 513
18 335
15.6
Education
3 470
2 196
2 259
896
1 190
10 023
8.5
Health and Community Services
5 540
3 622
3 420
1 783
3 412
17 813
15.1
Cultural and Recreational Services
1 203
460
442
169
214
2 501
2.1
Personal and Other Services
2 079
930
1 126
433
942
5 525
4.7
Non-Classifiable Economic Units
763
452
616
331
718
2 898
2.5
Total
42 666
24 328
23 753
9 367
17 241
117 725
100.0

2001 Census

Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
302
749
1 748
504
884
4 193
4.3
Mining
130
129
270
407
449
1 390
1.4
Manufacturing
3 477
1 937
1 406
241
124
7 188
7.4
Electricity, Gas and Water Supply
164
127
119
37
30
477
0.5
Construction
2 311
1 259
1 018
442
426
5 459
5.7
Wholesale Trade
1 518
760
692
158
77
3 205
3.3
Retail Trade
3 913
2 276
1 859
541
551
9 143
9.5
Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants
1 656
974
928
315
231
4 104
4.3
Transport and Storage
1 513
657
748
246
209
3 384
3.5
Communication Services
889
203
187
45
24
1 348
1.4
Finance and Insurance
660
173
99
23
36
991
1.0
Property and Business Services
3 038
1 298
1 292
491
451
6 573
6.8
Government Administration and Defence
3 078
1 509
3 296
1 776
10 173
19 863
20.6
Education
2 737
1 650
2 057
818
997
8 259
8.6
Health and Community Services
3 999
2 492
2 708
1 037
1 468
11 704
12.1
Cultural and Recreational Services
1 109
400
459
198
197
2 363
2.4
Personal and Other Services
1 795
904
1 050
647
1 527
5 923
6.1
Non-Classifiable Economic Units
348
181
247
94
127
997
1.0
Total
32 637
17 678
20 183
8 020
17 981
96 564
100.0

(a) Employed Indigenous persons aged 15 years and over.
(b) Includes persons with no usual address and persons enumerated in migratory CDs, as a result components may not add to total.
Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. Based on place of usual residence.