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1254.0.55.001 - Australian and New Zealand Standard Product Classification (ANZSPC), 2001  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 14/06/2001  Ceased
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Group

ClassSubclassItemTitle

811Research and development services in natural sciences and engineering

811081100Research and development services in natural sciences and engineering
81100.05Mathematical sciences research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on mathematics; statistics; and other mathematical sciences
This item does not include:
- mathematics associated with computer science, cf. 81100.30
- mathematics and statistics applied in economics, cf. 81200.10
81100.10Physical sciences research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on biophysics (other than human biophysics); medical physics; astronomical sciences; theoretical and condensed matter physics; atomic and molecular physics; nuclear and particle physics; plasma physics; optical physics; classical physics; and other physical sciences n.e.c.
This item does not include:
- geophysics, ionospheric and magnetospheric physics, cf. 81100.20
- technological aspects of the physical sciences, cf. 81100.35
- soil physics, cf. 81100.40
- human biophysics, cf. 81100.50
81100.15Chemical sciences research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on immunological and bioassay methods; atmospheric chemistry; physical chemistry (including structural); inorganic chemistry; organic chemistry; analytical chemistry; macromolecular chemistry; theoretical and computational chemistry; and other chemical sciences n.e.c.
This item does not include:
- geochemistry, cf. 81100.20
- biochemistry, cf. 81100.25
- chemical engineering, cf. 81100.35
- soil chemistry, cf. 81100.40
- medical biochemistry and clinical chemistry, cf. 81100.50
81100.20Earth sciences research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on geology; geophysics; geochemistry; oceanography; hydrology; atmospheric sciences; and other earth sciences n.e.c.
This item does not include:
- environmental and atmospheric chemistry, cf. 81100.15
- mining and mineral processing; metallurgy; materials engineering, cf. 81100.35
- soil and water sciences (including applied hydrology), cf. 81100.40
81100.25Biological sciences research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on biological or life sciences, other than agricultural sciences or medical and health sciences; biochemistry and cell biology; genetics; microbiology; botany; zoology; physiology; ecology and evolution; biotechnology; and other biological sciences n.e.c.
This item does not include:
- biological or life sciences associated with agricultural and veterinary sciences, forestry, commercial fishing or other aspects of primary production, cf. 81100.40
- biological or life sciences associated with human health and medicine, cf. 81100.50
81100.30Information, computing and communication sciences research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on mathematics associated with computer science; application of psychology to an understanding of computer-human interface; information systems; artificial intelligence and signal and image processing; computer software; computation theory and mathematics; data format; and other information, computing and communication sciences n.e.c.
This item does not include:
- the application of information and computer sciences other than specifically for information, computer sciences and technologies included in other appropriate disciplines, e.g. computer modelling for atmospheric research is included in item 81100.20; software development for forest management is included in item 81100.40
- robotics and mechatronics, CAD/CAM systems concerned with manufacturing and process technologies, cf. 81100.35
- computer hardware; communications technologies, cf. 81100.35
81100.35Engineering and technology research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on engineering and technology such as industrial biotechnology and food sciences; aerospace engineering; manufacturing engineering; automotive engineering; mechanical and industrial engineering; chemical engineering; resources engineering; civil engineering; electrical and electronic engineering; geomatic engineering; environmental engineering; maritime engineering; metallurgy; materials engineering; biomedical engineering; computer hardware; communications technologies; engineering interdisciplinary studies; and other engineering and technology n.e.c.
81100.40Agricultural, veterinary and environmental sciences research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on sciences and technologies supporting agriculture and the environment; soil and water science; crop and pasture production; agronomy; horticulture; animal production; fisheries sciences; forestry sciences; environmental sciences; veterinary sciences; land, parks and agriculture management; and other agricultural, veterinary and environmental sciences n.e.c.
This item does not include:
- biological or life sciences not associated with agricultural and veterinary sciences or human health and medicine, cf. 81100.25
- agricultural engineering, cf. 81100.35
- biological or life sciences associated with human health and medicine, cf. 81100.50
- agricultural economics, cf. 81200.10
81100.45Architecture, urban environment and building research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on architecture and urban environment; building; and other architecture, urban environment and building n.e.c.
81100.50Medical and health sciences research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on general medicine; immunology; medical biochemistry and clinical chemistry; medical microbiology; pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences; medical physiology; neurosciences; dentistry; optometry; clinical sciences; nursing; public health and health services; complementary/alternative medicine; human movement and sports science; and other medical and health sciences n.e.c.
This item does not include:
- biological sciences without application to human health and disease, cf. 81100.25
- biomedical engineering, cf. 81100.35
- biological and life sciences associated with agricultural and veterinary studies, cf. 81100.40
- ergonomics, cf. 81200.45

812Research and development services in social sciences and humanities

812081200Research and development services in social sciences and humanities
81200.05Education research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on education studies; curriculum studies; professional development of teachers; and other education n.e.c.
81200.10Economics research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on economic theory; applied economics; economic history and history of economic thought; econometrics; and other economics n.e.c.
81200.15Commerce, management, tourism and services research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on accounting, auditing and accountability; business and management; banking, finance and investment; transportation; tourism; services; and other commerce, management, tourism and services n.e.c.
81200.20Policy and political science research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on political science; public policy and administration; international relations; and other policy and political science n.e.c.
This item does not include:
- administration and evaluation of health care and community services, cf. 81100.50
- the history and philosophy of science and medicine, cf. 81200.25
81200.25Studies in human society research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on studies in human society including sociology; social work; anthropology; human geography; demography; history and philosophy of science and medicine; and other studies in human society n.e.c.
81200.30Behavioural and cognitive sciences research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on psychology; linguistics; cognitive science; and other behavioural and cognitive sciences n.e.c.
81200.35Law, justice and law enforcement research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on law; professional development of law practitioners; justice and legal studies; law enforcement; and other law, justice and law enforcement n.e.c.
81200.40Journalism, librarianship and curatorial studies research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on journalism, communication and media; librarianship; curatorial studies such as museum studies and archival studies; and other journalism, librarianship and curatorial studies n.e.c.
81200.45The Arts research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on study of performing arts; visual arts and crafts; cinema, electronic arts and multimedia; design studies; and other arts n.e.c.
81200.50Language and culture research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on language studies; literature studies; cultural studies; and other language and culture studies n.e.c
This item does not include:
- linguistics, cf. 81200.30
81200.55History and archaeology research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on historical studies; archaeology and prehistory; and other history and archaeology n.e.c.
81200.60Philosophy and religion research and development services
This item includes:
- research and experimental development services on philosophy; religion and religious traditions; and other philosophy and religion n.e.c.

813Interdisciplinary research and development services

813081300Interdisciplinary research and development services
81300.00Interdisciplinary research and development services
This item includes:
- Interdisciplinary research and development


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