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4172.0 - Arts and Culture in Australia: A Statistical Overview, 2011  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 19/12/2011   
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Contents >> Cultural Trade >> Trade in Cultural Goods

TRADE IN CULTURAL GOODS

Australia continues to import more cultural goods and services than it exports overseas. In 2008-09, Australia earned $747m through the provision of cultural goods ($584m) and cultural and recreational services ($163m) to the rest of the world. By comparison, in the same year Australia imported $3,259.9m of cultural goods and $1,329m of cultural and recreational services from overseas.

Exports of cultural goods in 2009-10 totalled $539.8m, or 0.3% of all goods exported from Australia, while cultural imports totalled $2,436.6m, or 1.2% of all goods imported into Australia.

7.1 TRADE IN CULTURAL GOODS - 2009-10

Cultural
goods
All
goods
Cultural
goods as a
percentage
of all goods
$m
$m
%

Exports
539.8
200 068.6
0.3
Imports
2 436.6
203 587.1
1.2

Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade, 2009-10.


COMMODITIES TRADED

In 2009-10, Australia exported $249.9m of books, magazines, newspapers and other printed matter. This was 46% of Australia's total value of exports of cultural goods ($539.8m).

The largest cultural product group imported in 2009-10 was radio and television receivers and apparatus for sound or video recording or reproduction, which accounted for 41% ($1,003.1m) of cultural goods imported by Australia.

7.2 TRADE IN CULTURAL GOODS, By product group - 2009-10

Imports
Exports
Excess of
imports
over
exports
ACLC product group
$m
$m
$m

Heritage services
43.1
11.9
31.2
Books, magazines, newspapers and other printed matter
907.4
249.9
657.5
Audio and video media
197.4
61.0
136.4
Radio and television receivers and apparatus for sound or video recording or reproduction
1 003.1
124.7
878.4
Exposed photographic and cinematographic media and artistic works
132.0
81.8
50.2
Musical instruments and other performing arts equipment
153.6
10.6
143.0
Total cultural goods
2 436.6
539.8
1 896.8

Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade, 2009-10.



CULTURAL TRADE BY COUNTRY

During 2009-10, almost half (46%) of Australia's cultural exports went to New Zealand ($250.3m), with large quantities also going to the United States of America ($57.6m) and the United Kingdom ($50.5m).

7.3 EXPORTS OF CULTURAL GOODS, By country and product group - 2009-10

ACLC PRODUCT GROUP(a)
Heritage
services
Books,
magazines
etc.
Audio
and video
media
Radio and
television
receivers etc.
Exposed film
media and
artistic works
Musical
instruments
Total
cultural
goods
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Canada
0.1
3.6
0.8
0.9
0.7
0.1
6.2
China
0.2
0.9
4.7
3.1
1.0
0.3
10.2
Fiji
-
1.2
0.5
1.0
0.1
0.1
2.8
Germany
-
0.8
0.9
5.5
2.7
0.8
10.7
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
1.1
4.2
0.8
7.1
5.3
0.2
18.6
Japan
-
0.9
3.0
3.8
3.8
0.4
12.0
Korea, Republic of
0.7
0.8
0.4
1.9
3.2
0.1
7.1
Malaysia
-
2.5
0.4
3.0
0.8
0.1
6.7
Netherlands
-
0.2
0.4
2.5
0.7
0.1
3.9
New Zealand
0.2
180.2
31.6
28.7
5.4
4.2
250.3
Papua New Guinea
-
6.0
0.1
1.4
0.2
0.1
7.8
Singapore
0.1
10.2
2.5
7.7
2.8
0.1
23.4
South Africa
-
3.0
0.3
1.7
0.3
0.3
5.7
Taiwan
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.4
0.8
-
2.1
Thailand
0.1
2.4
0.2
3.9
-
-
6.5
United Kingdom
5.4
9.6
1.0
13.6
20.4
0.5
50.5
United States of America
2.2
11.4
8.0
17.7
16.7
1.6
57.6
Other countries
1.5
11.6
5.0
21.0
17.1
1.5
57.7
Total all countries
11.9
249.9
61.0
124.7
81.8
10.6
539.8

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) The descriptions of the ACLC product groups shown have been abbreviated for space reasons. See table 7.2 for the full descriptions.
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade, 2009-10.



Australia imported $656.4m of cultural goods from China in 2009-10, with the bulk of this ($425.5m or 65%) comprising radio and television receivers and apparatus for sound or video recording or reproduction. Imports from the United Kingdom totalled $370.1m, while imports from the United States of America totalled $355.4m and from Malaysia totalled $302.5m.

7.4 IMPORTS OF CULTURAL GOODS, By country and product group - 2009-10

ACLC PRODUCT GROUP(a)
Heritage
services
Books,
magazines
etc.
Audio
and video
media
Radio and
television
receivers etc.
Exposed film
media and
artistic works
Musical
instruments
etc.
Total
cultural
goods
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Austria
0.1
0.4
6.1
0.6
2.0
0.5
9.7
Canada
0.9
2.9
0.6
2.2
0.7
0.7
8.0
China
3.4
148.4
7.0
425.5
25.9
46.3
656.4
Denmark
0.1
2.2
0.1
4.0
0.1
0.3
6.9
France
6.3
4.1
2.2
3.5
5.8
2.3
24.1
Germany
0.5
12.1
14.9
8.3
3.2
7.3
46.3
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
0.4
74.0
2.8
8.2
0.6
0.5
86.6
India
0.2
3.1
0.3
1.0
0.8
0.3
5.8
Indonesia
0.4
2.3
1.3
36.3
3.0
19.4
62.8
Ireland
-
0.3
0.3
0.1
-
-
0.7
Italy
0.4
5.6
4.6
2.8
3.3
1.5
18.1
Japan
0.9
13.5
46.7
20.2
3.7
28.4
113.4
Korea, Republic of
-
3.9
0.1
21.6
2.3
2.1
30.1
Malaysia
-
7.5
0.4
294.5
0.1
-
302.5
Mexico
-
0.5
0.1
22.6
0.1
1.7
25.0
Netherlands
0.5
1.8
2.4
2.1
5.2
0.5
12.5
New Zealand
0.3
16.0
2.0
0.6
2.5
0.5
22.1
Philippines
0.3
0.1
0.1
43.1
0.2
-
43.8
Singapore
0.2
73.0
19.0
3.9
0.4
0.1
96.5
South Africa
0.1
1.5
0.1
0.1
1.9
-
3.6
Spain
0.1
1.6
-
0.5
0.4
0.7
3.3
Sweden
-
1.4
1.2
2.3
0.1
0.6
5.7
Switzerland
1.1
1.4
0.3
0.4
0.8
0.3
4.3
Taiwan
-
3.7
10.0
9.7
1.8
3.6
28.8
Thailand
0.1
3.5
0.7
26.6
6.9
0.2
38.1
Turkey
0.1
0.1
-
0.7
-
0.1
1.1
United Kingdom
16.4
285.4
37.5
8.8
19.1
2.9
370.1
United States of America
4.4
226.5
33.3
41.0
21.2
29.2
355.4
Other countries
6.0
10.4
3.4
11.9
19.8
3.4
54.8
Total all countries
43.1
907.4
197.4
1 003.1
132.0
153.6
2 436.6

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) The descriptions of the ACLC product groups shown have been abbreviated for space reasons. See table 7.2 for the full descriptions.
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade, 2009-10.



TRADE IN CULTURAL GOODS OVER TIME

The value of exports of cultural goods decreased by 7.6% in 2009-10 to $539.8m from $584.4m in 2008-09. Exports fell across all product groups, with the value of exposed photographic and cinematographic media and artistic works falling the most ($13.6m) from 2008-09 to 2009-10, followed by audio and video media exports ($10.8m).

The value of exports of cultural goods has fluctuated since 2003-04, however the value of exports of heritage services has continued to fall since 2004-05, decreasing by 60% from $29.9m in 2004-05 to $11.9m in 2009-10.

7.5 EXPORTS OF CULTURAL GOODS(a), By product group - 2003-04 to 2009-10

2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
ACLC product group
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Heritage services
27.2
29.9
23.2
17.9
17.4
12.0
11.9
Books, magazines, etc.
248.9
253.2
237.6
278.8
266.8
259.5
249.9
Audio and video media
95.8
101.5
89.0
81.4
60.8
70.8
61.0
Radio and television receivers etc.
126.5
158.6
117.6
125.1
140.1
135.5
124.7
Exposed film media and artistic works
103.2
79.4
117.1
89.8
132.6
95.4
81.8
Musical instruments etc.
9.6
10.4
11.1
10.2
9.9
11.1
10.6
Total cultural goods
611.3
633.0
595.5
603.2
627.5
584.4
539.8

(a) The descriptions of the ACLC product groups shown have been abbreviated for space reasons. See table 7.2 for the full descriptions.
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade, 2009-10.



The value of imports of cultural goods decreased by 25% in 2009-10 to $2,436.6m from $3,259.9m in 2008-09. The decline was primarily in radio and television receivers and apparatus for sound or video recording or reproduction (down 35% to $1,003.1m) and in audio and video media (down 26% to $197.4m).

The value of imports of cultural goods has decreased at an accelerated rate from 2006-07. Between 2006-07 and 2007-08, the value of imports fell 6%; between 2007-08 and 2008-09 by 10% and between 2008-09 and 2009-10 by 25%. This has seen an overall decrease of 37% in the value of imports of cultural goods since 2006-07 from $3,862.2m to $2,436.6m in 2009-10.

7.6 IMPORTS OF CULTURAL GOODS(a), By product group - 2003-04 to 2009-10

2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
ACLC product group
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Heritage services
48.5
59.2
45.6
49.8
59.0
50.5
43.1
Books, magazines, etc.
908.9
932.1
930.4
972.6
984.3
1 054.4
907.4
Audio and video media
292.6
280.9
292.3
255.4
252.8
267.4
197.4
Radio and television receivers etc.
1 840.8
1 927.5
2 230.4
2 226.2
1 976.3
1 549.5
1 003.1
Exposed film media and artistic works
105.4
124.5
190.9
183.2
187.4
170.5
132.0
Musical instruments etc.
140.7
146.8
155.2
175.1
167.1
167.7
153.6
Total cultural goods
3 336.8
3 471.0
3 844.8
3 862.2
3 626.9
3 259.9
2 436.6

(a) The descriptions of the ACLC product groups shown have been abbreviated for space reasons. See table 7.2 for the full descriptions.
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade, 2009-10.




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