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INNOVATION-ACTIVE BUSINESSES AND COLLABORATION
Overall, 22% of innovation-active businesses reported some type of collaborative arrangement. The most frequently reported collaborative arrangement for innovation-active businesses was joint marketing or distribution (12%), with innovation-active businesses that employed 200 or more persons the most likely to report this type of collaborative arrangement, at 19%. Innovation-active businesses with 200 or more employees were almost twice as likely to report joint buying than those with 0-4 persons employed, at 11% and 6% respectively.
The proportion of innovation-active businesses involved in some form of collaborative arrangement ranged from 14% for the Construction industry to 33% for Information media and telecommunications. Joint marketing or distribution was the most frequently reported type of collaborative arrangement for innovation-active businesses in Rental, hiring and real estates services (23%), Information media and telecommunications, Financial and insurance services and Administrative and support services (all 21%).
Businesses that had reported activity related to innovation were asked to indicate the type and location of the business(es) with which they collaborated for innovation. Businesses could select more than one type of organisation and indicate if that organisation was located within Australia or overseas.
Proportion of innovation-active businesses that collaborated for innovation, by employment size, 2008-09
Of businesses that reported any form of innovative activity, 17% had collaborated with at least one type of organisation for the purpose of developing or introducing new or improved goods, services, processes or methods. Innovation-active businesses with 200 or more persons employed were the most likely to have collaborated for innovation (23%), followed by businesses with 0-4 persons employed (18%).
For the purposes of innovation, businesses were more likely to collaborate with other organisations within Australia, rather than from overseas. Within Australia, clients, customers or buyers was the most common collaboration partner (41%), followed by suppliers of equipment, materials, components or software (36%) and consultants (34%). The most common type of collaboration overseas was with suppliers of equipment, materials, components or software (8%).
Businesses with 0-4 employees were most likely to collaborate with clients, customers or buyers (45%), while for businesses with 200 or more employees the most frequently reported type of collaboration was with other business(es) related to the business, at 48%. While the proportion of businesses collaborating with universities was relatively small overall, 12% of businesses with 200 or more persons employed reported collaboration with this type of organisation.
Of the innovation-active businesses within the Construction industry, 62% reported collaborating with other business(es) related to this business within Australia. Across industries, the proportion of businesses reporting collaboration with universities or other higher education institutions within Australia was relatively small, except for businesses in Arts and recreation services, at 17%.