Australian Bureau of Statistics
Child Care Survey
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Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)
The Child Care survey is a continuation of a series of surveys on this topic conducted since 1969. The previous survey was in June 1999. The major aim of the survey is to collect data on the supply of, and demand for, child care for children aged less than 12 years. Information is also collected on the use of the Childcare Cash Rebate as well as the working arrangements of parents with children under 12.
The data will be used for the policy planning and funding of child care services. Specifically, information from the survey will be applied to:
This survey is conducted as part of the Monthly Population Survey, which comprises the Labour Force Survey and, in most months, a supplementary survey topic.
SCOPE - Labour Force Survey
The Labour Force Survey includes all persons aged 15 and over except:
From July 1993 Jervis Bay Territory is also excluded from the scope of the survey. Before July 1993 it was included in estimates for the Australian Capital Territory.
SCOPE - Childcare Survey
A questionnaire is obtained for each child aged 0-11 years who is a usual resident in the selected dwelling.
Also excluded are an estimated 7,000 children living in remote and sparsely settled parts of the Northern Territory. These children are estimated to account for around 18% of the Northern Territory's population under 12 years of age.
From July 1997, all supplementary surveys excluded persons in remote and sparsely settled areas of Australia. The exclusion of these persons has only a minor effect on estimates for individual States or Territories.
COVERAGE - Labour Force Survey
In the Labour Force Survey, coverage rules are applied which aim to ensure that each person is associated with only one dwelling, and hence has only one chance of selection. The chance of a person being enumerated at two separate dwellings in the one survey is considered to be negligible.
Persons who are away from their usual residence for six weeks or less at the time of interview are enumerated at their usual residence (relevant information may be obtained from other usual residents present at the time of the survey).
Child Care relates to those types of care for children described as formal child care or informal child care
Formal child care is regulated care away from the child's home, which includes:
Informal care is non-regulated care either in the child's home or elsewhere. It includes care by:
It may be paid or unpaid.
Publication : Child Care, Australia. ABS Cat. No : 4402.0
Characteristics of interest/Data Items:
Children aged 0-11 years (who were usual residents of a private dwelling).
Population 0: Partners in all couple families
Population 1: Families with at least one child aged 0-11 years
Population 2: First and second selected children aged 0-11 years
Population 3: First and second selected children attending Formal Care
Population 4: First and second selected children attending Informal Care
Population 5: First and second selected children who have an unmet/undermet demand for formal child care
Population 6: All children aged 0-11
Population 7: Third, Fourth and Fifth selected child aged 0-11
Demographics: State, Area, Region, Sex, Marital Status, Relationship in Household, Period of Arrival and Age.
Country of Birth: The Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC).
Other concepts (summary)
Comments and/or Other Regions
Not all data available for all areas.
Initially conducted in May 1969, then in May 1973, May 1977, June 1980, November 1984 then 3 yearly in June from 1987 except in 1990 and 1996 when the topic was conducted in November and March respectively.
The ABS has conducted a similar survey approximately every three years since 1969.
Data availability comments
Publication Child Care, Australia (ABS Cat. No 4402.0)
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This page last updated 11 September 2008