Australian Bureau of Statistics
Forms of Employment
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NAME OF ORGANISATION
The Forms of Employment Survey was conducted for the first time in August 1998. The survey collects information on people employed in a range of situations, such as contractors, employees of labour hire firms and casuals. The survey also provides information on where people working under such arrangements would be classified in the monthly Labour Force Survey.
The aim of the Forms of Employment Survey is to provide information on some of the key factors relating to the nature of employment arrangements.
This survey is conducted as part of the Monthly Population Survey, which comprises the Labour Force Survey and, in most months, a supplementary survey topic.
SCOPE -- Labour Force Survey
The Labour Force Survey includes all usual residents of Australia1 aged 15 and over except:
From July 1993 Jervis Bay Territory is also excluded from the scope of the survey. Before July 1993 it was included in estimates for the Australian Capital Territory.
SCOPE -- Labour Force Supplementary Surveys
In addition to those already excluded from the Labour Force Survey, the following persons are excluded from most supplementary surveys:
SCOPE - Forms Of Employment
The scope of this survey is restricted to all employed persons aged 15 years and over. The standard scope restrictions for supplementary surveys (see above) also apply to this survey.
COVERAGE - Labour Force Survey
Coverage rules are applied to ensure that each person is associated with only one dwelling, and hence has only one chance of selection. The chance of a person being enumerated at two separate dwellings in the one survey is considered to be negligible. Persons who are away from their usual residence for six weeks or less at the time of interview are enumerated at their usual residence (relevant information may be obtained from other usual residents present at the time of the survey).
The conceptual framework used in Australia's Labour Force Survey aligns closely with the standards and guidelines set out in Resolutions of the International Conference of Labour Statisticians. Descriptions of the underlying concepts and structure of Australia's labour force statistics, and the sources and methods used in compiling these estimates, are presented in Labour Statistics: Concepts, Sources and Methods (Cat. no. 6102.0).
The labour force framework classifies the civilian population into three mutually exclusive groups: employed; unemployed; and not in the labour force. The employed and unemployed categories together make up the labour force. The third category (i.e. the residual) represents persons not in the labour force.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) publishes a range of data on employment arrangements collected in the Labour Force Survey (LFS) and various supplementary surveys. However, the classifications and definitions used by the ABS are quite broad and do not fully address some of the employment arrangements that are of interest to labour statistics users. The Forms of Employment Survey (FOES) was developed to examine the nature or working arrangements that are not effectively measured by existing classifications and definitions.
Respondents to the FOES were asked a number of questions about the nature of their work relationship with their employer, or with the business in which they worked. A conceptual framework for the presentation of results of the survey was designed around the responses to these questions. This framework differs in a number of fundamental ways from the Status in Employment classification used in the LFS.
In this survey, the main population of interest is employed persons (excluding those working solely for payment in kind, and contributing family workers). This group was further defined into the following employment types:
Data from the survey are published in Forms of Employment, Australia (Cat. no. 6359.0). More detailed estimates are available on request.
Data from the survey relate to persons aged 15-69. Estimates are produced on an original basis only (i.e. not seasonally adjusted) and include:
Demographics: State, Area, Region, Sex, Marital Status, Relationship in Household, Period of Arrival and Age.
Country of Birth: Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC), 1998 (cat. no.1269.0).
Occupation: ASCO Australian Standard Classification of Occupations, Second Edition, 1997 (cat. no.1220.0).
Industry: Australia and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 (cat. no.1292.0).
Other concepts (summary)
Data collected in the survey are compiled according to concepts and definitions outlined in Labour Statistics: Concepts, Sources and Methods chapter 4 (employment characteristics ), chapter 11 (weekly earnings ), chapter 12 (trade union membership ) and Chapter 15 (socio-demographic information, industry and sector )..
Comments and/or Other Regions
Not all data available for all areas.
Information on Forms of Employment was first collected in August 1998 and again in November 2001. The topic is expected to be collected again in November 2004.
Data availability comments
Publication Forms of Employment, Australia (ABS Cat. No. 6359.0)
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This page last updated 11 September 2008