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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2000  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/07/2000   
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Contents >> Work >> National summary tables

National summary tables


LABOUR FORCE

Units
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

Total labour force
'000
8,083
8,346
8,491
8,518
8,574
8,696
8,886
9,066
9,173
9,261
9,399
Females - (of total labour force)
%
40.8
41.4
41.7
41.9
41.9
42.3
42.7
43.0
43.1
43.2
43.3
Participation rate
%
62.6
63.5
63.6
63.0
62.6
62.8
63.3
63.7
63.5
63.1
63.2
Male participation rate
%
75.2
75.5
75.3
74.4
73.9
73.6
73.8
73.8
73.4
73.0
72.8
Female participation rate
%
50.4
51.9
52.3
51.9
51.7
52.2
53.2
53.8
53.9
53.6
53.9
Females in the labour force with children aged 0-4 years (of all females with children aged 0-4 years)
%
44.0
46.3
44.5
46.6
45.3
46.1
49.3
47.4
47.7
48.2
47.1
Standardised participation rate
%
62.7
63.6
63.7
63.1
62.8
63.0
63.6
64.0
63.9
63.7
63.8
Participation rate of persons aged 15-19 years
%
59.9
60.9
58.6
55.7
55.1
55.8
58.8
59.2
59.0
57.7
58.3
Participation rate of persons aged 20-24 years
%
83.7
83.9
84.0
82.6
82.1
82.1
82.8
83.0
82.5
82.0
82.2
Median age of male labour force
years
35.6
35.8
36.1
36.3
36.5
36.7
36.9
37.1
37.2
37.5
37.7
Median age of female labour force
years
33.4
33.7
34.2
34.6
34.9
35.1
35.3
35.7
36.1
36.2
36.5


EMPLOYED PEOPLE

Units
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

Total employed
'000
7,549
7,832
7,782
7,637
7,634
7,781
8,093
8,301
8,381
8,496
8,681
Employment/population ratio
%
58.5
59.6
58.3
56.5
55.8
56.2
57.7
58.3
58.0
57.9
58.3
Part-time work
Part-time workers (of total employed)
%
20.1
20.9
21.7
22.9
23.5
23.8
24.4
24.6
25.2
25.6
26.0
Male part-time workers (of total male employed)
%
7.2
8.0
8.5
9.7
10.2
10.4
10.9
11.0
11.7
12.0
12.5
Female part-time workers (of total female employed)
%
38.9
39.5
40.2
41.1
41.7
42.0
42.5
42.5
42.9
43.3
43.5
Female part-time workers (of total part-time employed)
%
78.6
77.6
77.2
75.6
75.1
75.0
74.5
74.6
73.7
73.4
72.7
Average hours worked per week by part-time workers
hours
15.3
15.2
15.3
15.4
15.4
15.5
15.7
15.6
15.8
16.0
16.1
Part-time workers who prefer more hours (of all part-time employed)
%
17.6
18.0
21.7
26.4
29.2
28.3
26.1
26.1
26.2
25.8
25.1
Part-time workers who worked 15 hours or less per week (of all part-time employed)
%
53.6
54.1
53.9
53.3
53.4
52.8
51.8
52.1
51.1
50.8
50.8
Average hours worked per week by full-time workers
hours
39.7
39.9
40.0
40.6
40.4
40.7
41.0
40.6
41.1
41.3
41.3
Full-time workers working more than 49 hours per week (of all full-time employed)
%
20.1
20.4
20.7
22.1
22.4
23.7
24.3
23.7
24.4
24.9
24.9
Males casually employed (of all male employees)
%
13.1
12.7
13.5
15.6
16.4
18.1
18.5
21.2.
20.9
22.6
22.0
Females casually employed (of all female employees)
%
29.3
28.2
29.0
30.9
30.6
30.8
30.8
32.0
31.7
32.0
31.8
Persons casually employed (of all employees)
%
20.0
19.4
20.3
22.3
22.7
23.7
24.0
26.1
r25.8
26.9
26.4
Job mobile in previous year
%
19.7
18.3
14.8
12.8
n.a
14.5
n.a
15.8
n.a
14.3
n.a.
Employers and own account workers (of total employed)
%
14.6
14.2
14.6
15.0
15.2
15.2
14.6
14.6
13.9
14.3
13.6
Industry
Employed in service industries (of total employed)
%
67.8
68.8
69.7
71.1
71.0
71.1
71.7
72.3
72.6
72.9
73.6
Employed in manufacturing industries (of total employed)
%
15.9
15.4
14.7
14.2
14.3
14.1
13.8
13.4
13.5
13.3
12.5
Sector
Private sector employees (of all employees)
%
73.2
73.2
71.9
72.9
73.6
75.4
76.7
77.7
78.3
79.2
79.9
Employed in small business (of all private sector employed)
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r48.3
r49.1
r48.7
r47.5
r47.0
r46.2
r47.4
46.8
Occupation
Employed in highest skill (ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations(a)
%
22.9
23.7
24.4
24.9
25.1
24.9
24.4
24.2
25.2
25.2
25.0
Employed in lowest skill (ASCO Skill Level 5) occupations(a)
%
19.4
19.3
18.9
19.1
19.1
19.3
19.7
20.4
20.3
r20.2
19.9
Females - of all employed in highest skill (ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations(a)
%
35.6
37.0
37.8
38.4
39.1
38.0
39.2
41.2
41.9
41.1
41.5

Reference periods: All data are annual averages for the year ending 30 June except: labour force participation of females with children (June); job mobility (February), and casual employment and private sector employment (August).

INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

Units
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

Trade union membership
%
n.a.
40.5
n.a.
39.6
37.6
35.0
32.7
31.1
30.3
28.1
25.7
Median age of trade union members
years
n.a.
36
n.a.
37
37
37
38
38
38
39
40
Working days lost due to industrial disputes (per 1,000
employees)
days
190
207
248
147
100
76
79
131
r75
72
87


UNEMPLOYMENT

Units
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

Total unemployed
'000
534.6
513.7
709.0
881.6
940.5
915.4
793.7
764.3
792.4
764.2
718.2
Long-term unemployed (of total unemployed)
%
27.2
22.7
21.1
29.0
35.8
36.6
34.4
29.5
29.2
31.6
31.9
Unemployment rate
%
6.6
6.2
8.4
10.4
11.0
10.5
8.9
r8.4
r8.6
8.3
7.6
Male unemployment rate
%
6.2
5.8
8.4
10.8
11.7
10.9
9.1
8.8
8.8
8.5
7.8
Female unemployment rate
%
7.3
6.7
8.2
9.7
10.0
10.0
8.7
8.0
8.4
8.0
7.4
Full-time job seekers:
Persons aged 15-19 years (of all persons aged 15-19 years)
%
6.3
5.8
7.7
9.1
9.0
8.6
7.4
7.2
7.0
6.5
5.8
Persons aged 20-24 years (of all persons aged 20-24 years)
%
6.7
6.3
9.1
11.4
11.8
10.9
8.8
8.6
9.0
8.7
7.7
Median duration of unemployment - males
weeks
23
18
19
29
34
35
31
26
25
28
27
Median duration of unemployment - females
weeks
12
11
14
21
25
24
21
18
18
20
20
Unemployment rate - capital cities
%
5.9
5.6
8.1
10.2
10.8
10.3
8.8
8.2
8.2
7.6
7.1
Unemployment rate - balance of States and Territories
%
7.8
7.1
8.7
10.6
11.2
11.0
9.2
8.9
9.4
9.4
8.6


NOT IN THE LABOUR FORCE

Units
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

Marginally attached
'000
708.4
752.5
819.3
846.4
907.8
773.3
862.8
879.6
890.5
922.6
n.a.
Discouraged jobseekers
'000
76.1
100.9
138.2
145.6
147.4
106.5
111.9
118.9
118.4
110.9
n.a.


TRANSITION TO RETIREMENT

Units
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

Participation rate of males aged 55-59 years
%
74.0
75.0
75.2
72.9
72.5
72.6
73.6
73.0
73.2
72.5
73.2
Participation rate of females aged 55-59 years
%
32.4
32.3
35.7
35.7
36.4
38.0
38.7
41.3
42.3
42.3
43.6
Participation rate of males aged 60-64 years
%
49.1
49.9
50.7
50.2
48.5
49.1
47.7
46.6
45.4
45.8
45.9
Participation rate of females aged 60-64 years
%
14.9
15.1
15.9
14.9
14.4
15.8
16.0
17.5
18.3
19.1
18.4
Persons retired from full-time work (of all persons aged 50-64 years)
%
46.4
n.a.
n.a.
46.4
n.a.
46.1
n.a.
n.a.
45.0
n.a.
n.a.

(a) Australian Standard Classification of Occupation (ASCO) second edition was introduced in August 1996. Data prior to this date are concorded with ASCO second edition at the major group level.

Reference periods: All data are annual averages for the year ending 30 June except: occupation and trade union membership (August); working days lost due to industrial disputes (year ending 31 December); not in the labour force data (September) and retirement data (October/November).


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