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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2000  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/07/2000   
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LABOUR FORCE

Participation rate of persons aged 15 and over

Reference year
Economically active population(a)
Total
Men
Women(b)
Country
'000
%
%
%

Australia
1998
9,343.1
63.3
72.9
53.9
Canada
1998
15,631.5
65.1
72.4
58.1
China(c)
1990
647,244.7
79.2
85.0
73.0
France
1998
26,403.7
55.0
62.3
48.1
Greece
1997
4,292.7
49.2
63.1
36.7
Hong Kong
1998
3,359.4
62.0
75.5
48.5
Indonesia
1998
92,734.9
65.3
81.2
49.9
Italy
1997
22,889.0
47.5
61.3
34.8
Japan
1998
67,950.0
63.3
77.3
50.1
Korea (Republic of)
1998
21,388.0
60.7
75.2
47.0
Malaysia
1998
13,802.7
64.4
83.3
44.4
New Zealand
1998
1,864.1
63.6
71.9
55.8
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
1998
1,931.9
63.9
77.5
51.3
Sweden
1998
4,255.0
76.5
79.0
73.9
United Kingdom (UK)
1998
28,713.0
62.3
71.3
53.8
United States of America (USA)
1998
137,674.0
67.1
74.9
59.8
Viet Nam
1989
29,525.5
77.2
81.5
73.6

(a) For most countries data are presented for the economically active population aged 15 and over. However, the age range varies for some countries: Malaysia - 15-64; Sweden - 16-64; UK, USA - 16 and over. Definitions also vary in terms of the inclusion or exclusion of certain other segments of the population such as the armed forces.
(b) Participation rates for women are frequently not comparable internationally since, in many countries, relatively large numbers of women assist on farms or in other family enterprises without pay. There are differences between countries in the criteria used to count economically active workers.
(c) Excludes Hong Kong and Taiwan Province.

Source: International Labour Office, Year Book of Labour Statistics, 1998 and 1999.

EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT

Reference year
Employment
Reference year
Unemployment
Unemployment rate
Country
'000
'000
%

Australia
1998
8,553.1
1998
746.5
8.0
Canada
1998
14,326.4
1998
1,305.1
8.3
China(b)(c)
1998
699,570.0
1998
5,710.0
3.1
France
1998
22,705.0
1998
3,050.2
11.8
Greece
1997
3,854.1
1997
440.4
10.3
Hong Kong
1998
3,201.0
1998
157.6
4.7
Indonesia
1998
87,672.4
1998
5,062.5
5.5
Italy
1997
20,087.0
1997
2,805.0
12.3
Japan
1998
65,140.0
1998
2,769.0
4.1
Korea (Republic of)
1998
19,926.0
1998
1,463.0
6.8
Malaysia
1998
8,599.6
1997
214.9
2.5
New Zealand
1998
1,725.0
1998
139.1
7.5
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
1998
1,869.7
1998
62.1
3.2
Sweden
1998
3,979.0
1998
276.0
6.5
United Kingdom (UK)
1998
26,947.4
1998
1,765.6
6.1
United States of America (USA)
1998
131,463.0
1998
6,210.0
4.5
Viet Nam
1997
36,994.0
. .
n.a.
n.a.

(a) For most countries the employed and unemployed populations are aged 15 and over. However, the age range varies for some countries: China and Viet Nam- Not specified; Greece - 14 and over; Indonesia - 10 and over; Malaysia - 15-64; Sweden - 16-64; UK and USA - 16 and over. Definitions also vary in terms of the inclusion or exclusion of certain other segments of the population such as the armed forces.
(b) Employment relates to total economy; unemployment relates to urban areas only.
(c) Excludes Hong Kong and Taiwan Province.

Source: International Labour Office, Year Book of Labour Statistics, 1998 and 1999.

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