The official population of the Northern Territory as at June 30, 2006 was 210 674 persons, an increase of 3.6% from the previous year's population of 203 407. The Northern Territory's population is centred around the capital city of Darwin and Alice Springs. Approximately 34.5% of the population lives in the Statistical Subdivision of Darwin City, with 20.6% living in the surrounding SSD's of Palmerston-East Arm and Litchfield. A further 19.2% live in the SSD of Central NT, in which Alice Springs is located.
As at 30 June 2006 there were 108 males for every 100 females in the NT. This sex ratio varied across SSDs with the highest ratio observed in east-Arnhem (129 males per 100 females) and the lowest in Central NT (98 males per 100 females). Population projections show that by 2011 the NT's population is likely to be between 214 039 persons and 250 681 persons. A sex ratio of 107 males per 100 females is expected in 2011.
The indirect standardised death rate has been gradually falling since 2001 from 12.0 deaths per 10 000 population in 2001 to 10.7 deaths per 10 000 population in 2005. Of the 985 deaths in the NT in 2005 approximately 46.1% were Indigenous, even though 2006 Census of Population and Housing data shows that 27.8% of persons in the Northern Territory were Indigenous. Of the 2659 births in the Northern Territory, 40.6% were Indigenous.
Births and Deaths,
Some 76.8% of the Northern Territory's usually resident population was born in Australia, with the next most common countries of birth being England (2.6%), New Zealand (1.7%) and the Philippines (1.0%). Of the Northern Territory's usually resident population 66% spoke only English at home, 2.7% spoke Yolngu Matha, and 1.3% spoke Greek.
There were 57 339 households in the Northern Territory during 2006. The majority of these were households with only family members present (64%), 23% were lone person households, and 4% of households had non family members present. The majority of households were located in the SSD of Darwin City (41.8%), followed by Central NT (18.4%) and Palmerston East-Arm (13.4%).
There were 40 263 families in the Northern Territory in 2006. Of the 33 430 couple families, 34.7% were couple families without children and 12% of families were one parent families. The lowest proportion of single parent families were located in Litchfield Shire (1.5%), and the highest in East Arnhem (36%).
Further information on the Northern Territory's population can be obtained from the following sources:
Census Tables (cat. no. 2068.0)
Population by Age by Sex, Australia, 2006 (cat. no. 3235.0)
Population Distribution, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006 (cat. no. 4705.0)
Regional Population Growth, Australia (cat. no. 3218.0)
Experimental Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 1991 to 2009 (cat. no. 3238.0)
Deaths, Australia (cat. no. 3302.0)
Births, Australia(cat. no. 3301.0)
Population Projections, Australia, 2002 to 2101 (cat. no. 3222.0)
Australian Demographic Statistics, Dec 2006 (cat. no. 3101.0)
Population Projections, Northern Territory, 1999 - 2021 (cat. no. 3222.7)