The big stories this year in Migration, Australia 1998-99 (Cat. No. 3412.0) released on 29 February 2000 are the high number of permanent arrivals from New Zealand, which have boosted up the overall number of settlers (one in five settlers were born in New Zealand) and the rapid increase in Australian-born people leaving Australia permanently. About half of permanent departures were born in Australia, and most were headed for the United Kingdom, New Zealand or the United States of America.
The latest data on the make-up of Australia's population is contained in the publication. At June 1999 about one quarter of the population were born overseas and of whom the largest groups were those born in the United Kingdom (26%), New Zealand (8%) and Italy (5%). People born in the South-East Asian and North-East Asian regions made up 19% of the overseas-born population.
The publication also contains an analysis of interstate migration, with a special article on the migration patterns of recently arrived migrants based on the 1996 Census, and projections of the overseas born population 65 years and over assuming no overseas migration.
In the September quarter 1999, net interstate migration was negative for Western Australia, the first time since 1993. For further details see Australian Demographic Statistics, September Quarter 1999 (Cat. No. 3101.0) released on 21 March 2000.