The second classification within the ACLC is the Product Classification.
The Product Classification of the ACLC is designed to list all goods and services (together known as products) which are considered to be culture or leisure in nature. The ACLC Product Classification aligns broadly with the Australian and New Zealand Standard Product Classification (ANZSPC) (ABS and Statistics New Zealand 2001) which resulted from a joint project of the ABS and Statistics New Zealand. The ANZSPC is based on the Central Product Classification (CPC) version 1.0, 1998 edition (United Nations Statistical Office 1998), which is the standard international classification of all goods and services.
The Product Classification of the ACLC lists and groups products which are intended to be used for culture or leisure purposes. In some cases, the product may ultimately be used by the end consumer for purposes unrelated to culture and leisure. However, it would not be expected that producers or providers of a product would know how the end consumer will use the product. Thus, information about all such products would be collected from the producer or provider without any expectation that there be a distinction made between intended and actual uses of the products. For example, sports shoes have design features which indicate that they are intended for use during sports participation, so they are included in the Product Classification of the ACLC. However, manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers of sports shoes would not know which of the sports shoes they produce or sell are ultimately used for their intended purpose. Thus, all sports shoes are included in Class 1614 Sports or physical recreation footwear, regardless of their ultimate actual use.
Although a business is classified to a class in the Industry Classification of the ACLC only if its predominant activity matches the definition of that class, culture and leisure products may be produced by any business, whether it be in or out of scope of the Industry Classification. For instance, library services may be provided by a business unit in the mining industry which would not be in scope of the Industry Classification of the ACLC. However, the product 'library services' provided by any business unit is in scope of the Product Classification (Class 0112 Library services) of the ACLC. Similarly, caravans are in scope of the Product Classification of the ACLC, regardless of whether they are made by a business mainly engaged in caravan manufacturing (which is in scope of the Industry Classification of the ACLC) or by a business mainly engaged in truck manufacturing (which is out of scope of the Industry Classification).
Data about the manufacture or sale of goods have been collected by the ABS in surveys such as manufacturing (ABS 1999c) and retail (ABS 2000b) commodity collections. Where there is sufficient interest in culture and leisure services provided by businesses which are in or out of scope of the Industry Classification of the ACLC, a survey covering all businesses providing such services may be undertaken. For example, in 1998, the ABS conducted the Selected Museums Survey (ABS 1999a) to collect information about museum services provided by organisations which were not mainly engaged in the provision of museum services and were, therefore, not classified to ANZSIC class 9220 Museums. (This survey complemented one conducted the previous year in respect of organisations classified to ANZSIC class 9220 (ABS 1998a).) Surveyed organisations included government departments, educational institutions and local historical societies. In such surveys, the availability of financial data (e.g. income and expenditure) specifically related to the service of interest may be limited; however, it may be possible for the organisation to provide an estimate of employment specifically related to the service, along with other information of relevance. For example, the Selected Museums Survey gathered information about admissions, the number of exhibitions developed and the number of objects held by the museum.
THE STRUCTURE OF THE PRODUCT CLASSIFICATION
Structure and numbering
The products in this classification are grouped into 26 groups and 227 classes. Each group has a two-digit code within the range of 01 to 26. The classes each have a four-digit code, with the first two digits being the code of the group to which the class belongs. For example, Class 1602 Sleeping bags belongs to Group 16 Sports and camping equipment.
Alphabetic list of products
Immediately following the detailed Product Classification is an alphabetic listing of the names of products within its scope. The class to which a product belongs can be determined by looking up its name in the alphabetic list.
Correspondence to the ANZSPC
Correspondence tables are included to illustrate how the ACLC Product Classification classes correspond to the ANZSPC classes and vice versa. Where correspondence is partial, this is indicated in the table by 'p'. Where no correspondence exists, this is indicated by an asterisk ('*').