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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2007  
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Contents >> Transport >> Transport activity

TRANSPORT ACTIVITY

DOMESTIC AIRLINE ACTIVITY

The total hours flown and the number of aircraft departures by the major domestic and regional airlines are shown in graph 22.6. Hours flown in 2005 were 7.0% more than in 2001, while aircraft departures were 5.0% lower than in 2001.

22.6 DOMESTIC AIRLINE ACTIVITY, Major and regional airlines



In addition to domestic and regional scheduled services, activities undertaken by the general aviation industry include business flying, aerial agriculture, charter, training and private flying (graph 22.7). Charter, flying training and private/business activity accounted for 75% of general aviation hours flown in 2005.

22.7 GENERAL AVIATION ACTIVITY, Hours flown(a) - 2005


ROAD TRANSPORT ACTIVITY

Motor vehicles travelled an estimated total distance of 199,055 million kilometres (km) in the year ended 31 October 2004, at an average of 15,500 km per vehicle (table 22.8). Business use accounted for an estimated 35% of aggregate distance travelled, and private use 65%. Of total private use travel, 34% consisted of travel to and from work, and 66% for personal and other use travel.


22.8 BUSINESS AND PRIVATE VEHICLE USE - Year ended 31 October 2004

Business
Private


Type of vehicle
Laden
Unladen
Total(a)
To and
from work
Personal and
other use
Total

TOTAL KILOMETRES TRAVELLED (mill.)

Passenger vehicles
. .
. .
31,618
37,627
78,483
147,728
Motor cycles
. .
. .
*173
*371
*934
1,478
Light commercial vehicles
15,844
6,044
21,899
*5,467
6,641
34,007
Rigid trucks
5,322
2,045
7,369
*170
*100
7,639
Articulated trucks
4,367
1,632
6,000
*12
*1
6,013
Non-freight carrying trucks
. .
. .
219
*1
**1
221
Buses
. .
. .
1,835
*42
*91
1,968
Total
25,533
9,722
69,113
43,690
86,252
199,055

AVERAGE KILOMETRES TRAVELLED(b) (’000)

Passenger vehicles
. .
. .
9.5
7.1
8.6
14.4
Motor cycles
. .
. .
*3.9
*3.3
*3.8
4.9
Light commercial vehicles
14.4
8.6
18.6
8.3
7.3
18.4
Rigid trucks
16.8
8.3
22.9
*5.9
*4.1
22.8
Articulated trucks
71.4
30.8
97.2
*7.5
*1.7
96.6
Non-freight carrying trucks
. .
. .
13.7
**2.4
**3.7
13.7
Buses
. .
. .
34.5
*7.1
*10.4
32.6
Total
17.2
9.7
13.8
7.2
8.4
15.5

(a) Includes business travel of non-freight carrying vehicles.
(b) Average distance travelled for registered vehicles which were used.
Source: Survey of Motor Vehicle Use, Australia, 12 months ended 31 October 2004 (9208.0).


The localities in which motor vehicles travelled are described in table 22.9. Only 4.9% of total distance travelled represented interstate trips, while 55% of trips were within the capital city of the state or territory in which the vehicle was registered.


22.9 AREA OF OPERATION - Year ended 31 October 2004

Within state/territory of registration

Type of vehicle
Capital city
Provincial urban
Other areas of state/territory
Total
Interstate
Australia

TOTAL KILOMETRES TRAVELLED (mill.)

Passenger vehicles
88,653
22,141
30,365
141,159
*6,569
147,728
Motor cycles
*618
*400
*337
1,355
*123
1,478
Light commercial vehicles
14,236
4,686
14,115
33,036
*971
34,007
Rigid trucks
3,679
1,155
2,499
7,332
*307
7,639
Articulated trucks
1,059
378
2,981
4,419
1,594
6,013
Non-freight carrying trucks
*110
*55
*51
217
**4
221
Buses
963
*397
512
1,871
*96
1,968
Total
109,319
29,211
50,860
189,390
9,665
199,055

AVERAGE KILOMETRES TRAVELLED(a) (’000)

Passenger vehicles
11.6
7.6
9.3
13.9
*6.5
14.4
Motor cycles
*3.9
*3.6
*3.2
4.5
*4.4
4.9
Light commercial vehicles
15.5
9.7
15.5
18.1
*7.4
18.4
Rigid trucks
22.5
15.6
16.3
22.2
*18.2
22.8
Articulated trucks
31.6
21.4
66.1
73.1
86.9
96.6
Non-freight carrying trucks
18.2
*16.4
*6.8
13.7
**12.1
13.7
Buses
29.4
*20.9
21.9
31.3
*24.7
32.6
Total
12.2
8.1
11.2
14.8
8.0
15.5

(a) Average distance travelled for registered vehicles which were used.
Source: Survey of Motor Vehicle Use, Australia, 12 months ended 31 October 2004 (9208.0).


TRANSPORT PASSENGER ACTIVITY

Personal travel occurs for many reasons, including school, business, recreation and travel to and from work. While road transport accounts for the majority of domestic passenger trips undertaken, rail services are used by a considerable number of urban commuters. Air services provide for a large proportion of long distance passenger travel.

Road passenger vehicle activity

In the year ended 31 October 2004 Australia's 10.7 million (mill.) registered passenger vehicles travelled an estimated 148 billion km (table 22.10), each averaging 13,900 km per year. Just over 392,600 motor cycles travelled 1.5 billion km, while the fleet of just under 62,000 buses travelled 2.0 billion km.


22.10 MOTOR VEHICLE USE, By state/territory of registration - 2004

Passenger vehicles
Motor cycles
Buses

TOTAL KILOMETRES TRAVELLED (mill.)

New South Wales
44,473
*356
603
Victoria
40,151
*319
343
Queensland
29,065
*517
*511
South Australia
11,379
*96
133
Western Australia
15,664
*142
231
Tasmania
3,233
*15
42
Northern Territory
1,002
*9
*73
Australian Capital Territory
2,762
*25
32
Australia
147,728
1,478
1,968

NUMBER OF VEHICLES(a)

New South Wales
3,273,408
108,071
19,022
Victoria
2,866,027
100,117
13,007
Queensland
1,995,114
86,197
13,510
South Australia
874,533
29,388
3,650
Western Australia
1,127,232
49,817
7,593
Tasmania
260,921
9,045
1,752
Northern Territory
70,369
3,128
2,366
Australian Capital Territory
186,725
6,885
828
Australia
10,654,328
392,648
61,728

(a) The average number of vehicles registered for the twelve months. Includes registered vehicles that did not travel during the reference period.
Source: Survey of Motor Vehicle Use, Australia, 12 months ended 31 October 2004 (9208.0).


Rail passenger activity

The passenger operations of rail operators are shown in table 22.11. Between 2003-04 and 2004-05 urban heavy rail and tram/light rail passenger numbers increased by 0.4% and 4.0% respectively, while non-urban passenger numbers were unchanged. Heavy rail accounted for 79% of urban rail passenger operations in 2004-05.


22.11 RAIL PASSENGER OPERATIONS

Urban

Heavy rail
Tram and light rail
Total
Non-urban
Total
mill. passengers
mill. passengers
mill. passengers
mill. passengers
mill. passengers

2003-04
476
125
601
9
610
2004-05
478
130
607
9
616

Source: Australasian Railway Association Inc.


Domestic air passenger activity

At 30 June 2005 three major domestic airlines operated in Australia - Qantas, Virgin Blue and Jetstar. Regional airlines provided connecting services to the regional airports. There are 256 regulated airports in Australia and its external territories.

Passenger departures were 7.6% higher in 2005, compared with 2004 (table 22.12), while the percentage of vacant seat-kilometres was steady at 21%. In 2005 domestic airlines accounted for 88% of total Australian domestic passenger departures, and regional airlines 12%.


22.12 DOMESTIC AIRLINE ACTIVITY(a)

Units
2004
2005

Passenger departures(b)
Domestic airlines'000
33,133
35,895
Regional airlines'000
4,720
4,841
Total'000
37,853
40,736
Other activity (domestic airlines only)
Passenger-kilometres performed(c)mill.
40,099
43,339
Seat-kilometres available(d)mill.
50,843
55,059
Percentage of vacant seat-kilometres%
21.1
21.3

(a) Includes estimates for regional airlines data.
(b) The unit of measurement is traffic on board (which includes transit traffic). Includes revenue passengers only.
(c) The sum for all flights of the number of passengers on each flight multiplied by the distance travelled.
(d) The sum for all flights of the number of seats on a flight multiplied by distance travelled.
Source: Department of Transport and Regional Services.


The number of domestic passengers boarding airlines at the principal airports in Australia is shown in table 22.13. In 2005 all principal airports recorded increases in passenger movements compared with 2004. The strongest growth was recorded in Coolangatta (20%), followed by Launceston (18%) and Hobart (16%). Sydney and Canberra recorded the lowest growth (4%).


22.13 DOMESTIC PASSENGER MOVEMENTS(a)

2004
2005
Principal airport
'000
'000

Sydney
(b)18,256
(b)18,940
Melbourne
(b)15,815
16,505
Brisbane
(b)11,519
12,103
Adelaide
(b)4,844
(b)5,262
Perth
4,437
4,755
Canberra
(b)2,434
2,525
Hobart
(b)1,381
1,600
Darwin
(b)1,062
(b)1,111
Cairns
(b)2,583
2,843
Coolangatta
2,702
3,243
Townsville
1,057
1,138
Launceston
751
887

(a) The number of passengers on board arriving at or departing from each airport. Includes passengers in transit, who are counted as both arrivals and departures at airports through which they transit.
(b) Includes estimates for unreported data.
Source: Department of Transport and Regional Services.


International air passenger activity

Passengers arriving or departing Australia primarily travel by air.

Of total international passengers (20.9 million) carried to and from Australia in 2005, 4.9 million travelled between Australia and New Zealand and 3.5 million travelled between Australia and Singapore (table 22.14).


22.14 SCHEDULED INTERNATIONAL PASSENGER TRAFFIC TO AND FROM AUSTRALIA - 2004
Inbound
Outbound
Total
Country to/from
'000 passengers
'000 passengers
'000 passengers

Argentina
17.7
17.7
35.4
Austria
91.2
96.0
187.2
Bahrain
53.2
54.1
107.3
Brunei
63.7
61.2
124.9
Canada
52.8
57.4
110.2
Chile
25.0
24.2
49.2
China (excl. SARs & Taiwan)
250.2
232.6
482.8
Cook Islands
0.4
0.6
1.0
Fiji
253.3
255.2
508.5
Germany
39.3
41.7
81.1
Guam
12.9
13.7
26.6
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
846.8
802.4
1,649.2
India
37.0
31.9
68.8
Indonesia
359.9
356.9
716.8
Japan
842.8
837.4
1,680.3
Korea, Republic of (South)
202.7
203.2
405.9
Malaysia
591.8
589.1
1,180.9
Mauritius
21.9
21.3
43.1
Nauru
3.9
3.8
7.7
New Caledonia
63.7
63.6
127.3
New Zealand
2,433.3
2,452.3
4,885.6
Papua New Guinea
66.1
67.7
133.8
Philippines
77.8
72.0
149.7
Singapore
1,773.7
1,699.5
3,473.2
Solomon Islands
12.6
12.1
24.7
South Africa
106.5
94.2
200.7
Tahiti
7.5
9.0
16.5
Taiwan
124.0
122.1
246.2
Thailand
429.3
424.9
854.2
Tonga
2.7
4.1
6.8
United Kingdom
370.5
382.1
752.6
United Arab Emirates
371.0
359.6
730.6
United States of America
789.6
787.0
1,576.6
Vanuatu
39.0
38.9
77.8
Vietnam
62.3
76.9
139.2
Western Samoa
6.4
7.7
14.1
Total
10,502.6
10,373.8
20,876.4

Source: Department of Transport and Regional Services.


Graph 22.15 shows the number of international passengers who travelled through each of Australia's international airports in 2005. Sydney's share of total international passenger traffic was 46%, followed by Melbourne (20%) and Brisbane (17%).

22.15 INTERNATIONAL PASSENGERS, Australian international airports - 2005


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