Published Research - Time Use Survey


This page lists publications that have used Time Use microdata. ABS encourages researchers to provide citations for their published research using microdata so that others can share the benefits of that research. This information also helps ABS understand the range of research activities undertaken.

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Espinel, P.T., Chau, J.Y., van der Ploeg, H.P. and Merom, D. 2015,'Older adults’ time in sedentary, light and moderate intensity activities and correlates: Application of Australian Time Use Survey', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 161-166.

Miller, P.; Bowd, J. 2014, 'Family time economies and democratic division of work', Journal of family Studies, vol. 20, No. 2.

Baxter, Jennifer (AIFS) 2014, 'Maternal Employment and Childcare in Australia: submission to the Productivity commission Childcare and Early Childhood Learning Inquiry', Submission to the Productivity Commission Childcare and Early Childhood Learning Inquiry.

Bittman, M. 2013, 'Sunday Working and Family Time'. Labour & Industry: a journal of the social and economic relations of work , vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 59-81.

Espinel, Poala T,; chau, Josephine Y.; van der Ploeg, Hidde P. and Merom, D. 2014 'Older adults' time in sedentary, light and moderate intensity activities and correlates: Application of Australian Time Use Survey', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport available online March 2014.

Lower, T., Pollock, K. and Herde, E. 2013, 'Australian quad bike fatalities: what is the economic cost?'. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 173-178.

Miller, P. 2012. 'Do Australian Teenagers Work? Why We Should Care'. Feminist Economics, vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 1-24.

Baxter, J. 2011, 'An examination of the characteristics and time use of those who have unfilled spare time', International Journal of Time Use Research, vol. 8, no. 1, pp.30-61.

Bin, Y.S., Marshall, N.S. & Glozier, N.S. 2011, 'Secular changes in sleep duration among Australian adults, 1992-2006', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 195, no.11, pp.670-672.

Apps, P.F. and Rees, R. 2010, 'Family Labour Supply, Taxation and Saving in an Imperfect Capital Market', Review of Economics of the Household, volume 8, Number 3 pp. 297-323.

Apps, P.F. and Rees, R. 2010, 'Australian Family Tax Reform and the Targeting Fallacy', Australian Economic Review, vol. 43, no.2, pp. 153-175.

Baxter, J. 2010, 'The sources of time pressure work: work, family and more', Family Relationships Quarterly, no. 13, pp. 21-23.

Miller, P. and Bowd, J. 2010, 'Do Australian teenagers contribute to household work?'. Family Matters, no. 85, pp. 68-76.


Apps, P.F. and Rees, R. 2009, 'Public Economics and the Household', Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Baxter, J., Gray, M. and Hayes, A. 2009, 'Diverse families making a difference', Fact Sheet, Australian Institute of Family Studies.

Craig, L., Sawrikar, P. 2009, 'Work and family: How does the (gender) balance change as children grow?'. Gender, Work and Organization, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 684-709.

Craig, L. & Bittman, M. 2008, 'The incremental time costs of children: An analysis of children's impact on adult time use in Australia', Feminist Economics, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 59-88.

Craig, L. and Sawrikar, P. 2008, 'Satisfaction with work-family balance for parents of early adolescents compared to parents of younger children', Journal of Family Studies, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 91-106.

Apps, P.F., Rees, R. and Wood, M. 2007, 'Population Ageing, Taxation, Pensions and Health Costs', Australian Journal of Labour Economics, vol. 10, pp. 79-97.

Craig, L. 2007, 'How Employed Mothers in Australia Find Time for Both Market Work and Childcare', Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 28, no. 1, pp 69-87.


Brandon, P. and Temple, J. 2006, 'Determinants of time allocation combinations among non-employed older persons: evidence from Australian time use diaries'. Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 7-26.

Craig, L. 2006, 'Where Do They Find the Time?: An Analysis of How Parents Shift and Squeeze Their Time around Work and Child Care', Economics Working Paper Archive wp. 439, The Levy Economics Institute.


Apps, P.F. and Rees, R. 2005, 'Gender, Time Use, and Public Policy Over the Life Cycle', Oxford Review of Economic Policy, vol. 21, pp. 439-61.

Bittman, M. 2005, 'Sunday Working and Family Time', Labour & Industry A journal of the social and economic relations of work, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 59-81.

Blunsdon, B., Reed, K. and McNeit, N. 2005, 'Social innovators or lagging behind: factors that influence managers time use', Women in Management Review, vol. 20, no. 8 pp. 544-58.

Ichii, R. 2005, 'Time use indicators as a useful tool for evaluating childcare policy and funding', Working Paper, no 2. Magill: University of South Australia, Hawke Research Institute for Sustainable Societies.

Apps, P.F. and Rees, R. 2004, 'Taxation and Saving over the Life Cycle', Ifo Economic Studies, vol. 50, pp. 479-502.

Blunsdon, B. and Reed, K. 2004, 'The time squeeze in Australia: universal or particular?' Paper presented to the Work Times/Life Times: managing multiple roles in the 21st century colloquium at The Management Centre, Deakin University, Geelong, December 13-15, 2004.

McNeil, N., Reed, K. and Blunsdon, B.J. 2004, 'Older Australians: rescuing the civil society?' Proceedings of the 1st International Work-Life Balance across the Lifecourse Conference, Centre for research on families and relationships, Edinburgh University.

Siminski, P. and Saunders, P. 2004, 'Accounting for housing costs in regional income comparisons', Discussion Paper, no. 135. Sydney, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre.

Vitartas, P. 2004, 'Media consumption and the time pressured', Working paper presented to the School of Management, University of Tasmania, March 21.

Vitartas, P. and Scott, D. 2004, 'The influence of social time and weekly rhythms on media consumption', Paper for presentation to the American Society for Business and Behavioural Science. August 6-8, Cairns.


Blunsdon, B.J. 2003, 'Work, family, leisure and community: how do managers allocate their time?', Employment Research Unit Eighteenth Annual Conference, Cardiff (data analysis by K. Reed).

Vitartas, P. 2003, 'Perceived time shortage and media consumption',Proceedings of the 2003 Academy of Marketing Science World Marketing Congress, Perth, Western Australia, 11-14 June 2003.

Vitartas, P. and Scott, D. 2003, 'Media consumption as secondary time use: the effect of time pressure', In Geursen, G., Kennedy, R. and Tolo, M. (eds). Proceeding of the 2003 Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference Celebration of Ehrenberg and Bass: marketing discoveries, knowledge and contribution, Adelaide, 1-3 December 2003.


Apps, P.F. and Rees, R. 2002, 'Fertility, Dependency and Social Security', Australian Journal of Labour Economics, vol. 5, pp. 569-85.

Ironmonger, D. and Soupourmas, F. 2002, 'Married households and gross household product', In Grossbard-Shechtman, S. (ed.) Marriage and the Economy, Cambridge University Press.

Patulny, R. 2002, 'Social capital and work time within the family', TASA. Conference Presentation.

Soupourmas, F. and Ironmonger, D. 2002, 'Calculating Australia's gross household product: measuring the economic value of the household economy 1970-2000', Dept of Economics Research Paper No. 833, University of Melbourne.

Veal, A.J. 2002, 'Leisure, time-use and lifestyles of young people in Australia. Paper to the International Time Use Conference: Time Pressure, Work-Family Interface and Parent-Child Relationships: Social and Health Implications of Time Use', University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, March 20-23, 2002.

Vitartas, P. 2002, 'Secondary time use: the effect of time pressure on media consumption', Working Paper, School of Commerce and Management, Southern Cross University, November, 2002.

Wilkinson, J. and Bittman, M. 2002, 'Volunteering: the human face of democracy', SPRC Discussion Paper no. 114.

Apps, P.F. and Rees, R. 2001, 'Household Production, Full Consumption and the Costs of Children', Labour Economics, vol. 8, pp. 621-48, Discussion paper No. 157.

Ironmonger, D. and Haque, O. 2001, 'Consumption inequality: a study of the sharing of household outputs', Australian Research Council Project 2001-2003.


Donath, S. 2000, 'Pipe and slippers or kitchen sink? Coming home from work', Seventh Australian Institute of Family Studies Conference, Sydney.

Ironmonger, D. 2000, 'Measuring volunteering in economic terms', In J. Warburton and M. Oppenheimer (eds) Volunteers and volunteering, The Federation Press, Sydney.

Apps, P.F. and Rees, R. 1996, 'Labour Supply, Household Production and Intra-Family Welfare Distribution', Journal of Public Economics, vol. 60, pp. 199-219. Reprinted in: Economic Theory and the Welfare State, Barr, N. (ed), Elgar, E. Cheltenham, 2001.


Apps, P.F., 'Why the Henry Review Fails on Family Tax Reform', in Evans, C., Krever, R., and Mellor, P. (eds), 'Australia’s Future Tax System: The Prospects after Henry', Chapter 5, pp. 103-127. Lawbook Co. (2010).

Apps, P.F. and Rees, R. “Household Time Use, Inequality and Taxation”, in Molina, J.A., (ed), 'Household Economic Behaviours, Springer: New York', pp. 57-81, 2011.

Apps, P.F. and Rees, R. “Taxation, Labour Supply, Saving”, in Tax Reform in the 21st Century', Head, J. and Krever, R., (eds), Wolters Kluwer, Chapter 4, pp. 95-123, 2009, DP No. 590.

Apps, P.F. "Tax-Reform, 'Ideology and Gender', Sydney Law Review, chapter 21, pp. 437-452, 1999.

Apps, P.F. and Rees, R, 'Time Use and the Costs of Children over the Life Cycle' , in Hamermesh, D. and Phan, G., (eds), Chapter 8, pp. 203-235. The Economics of Time Use, Elsevier. 2005.

Breunig, R. 'Estimates of family labour supply in Australia and to examine financial stress'.

Hill, E., Pocock, B., and Elliot, A. (eds), 'The New Discrimination and Childcare, in Kids Count: Better Early Childhood Education and Care in Australia', Sydney University Press, Sydney. DP No. 541.

Richardson, S. 'Society's investment in children', National Institute of Labour Studies working paper WP151, Flinders University.

Temple, J. 'Economic activity of older persons aged 55 years and over', PhD thesis, Australian National University, Canberra.