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New data from the 2011 Census reveals Victoria’s most advantaged and disadvantaged areas

28 March 2013 | VIC/47

New figures released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) today have provided a new perspective on the wealth of statistical information collected in the 2011 Census of Population and Housing.

The third release of 2011 Census data includes the release of Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA), which ranks areas in Australia according to relative socio-economic advantage and disadvantage.

For the purposes of SEIFA, the ABS broadly defines relative socio-economic advantage and disadvantage in terms of people’s access to material and social resources, and their ability to participate in society.

Director, Analytical Services Branch, Dr Phillip Gould, says that SEIFA can be used to compare the relative socio-economic characteristics of areas at a given point in time.

“It’s important to remember, that indexes are assigned to geographic areas, not to individuals.

“For example, it’s possible for a relatively advantaged person to reside in an area which may have a low score on some or all of the indexes. It’s also not uncommon to see a Local Government Area that has pockets of advantage and disadvantage,” Dr Gould added.

SEIFA can be used by government, business and communities for many purposes, such as to determine areas that require additional funding for improved services, to identify potential business opportunities or to research the relationship between health and education outcomes and the socio-economic conditions of an area.

For the first time, anyone can freely download files which allow them to display SEIFA data using Google Earth®, which makes interpretation easier than ever.

Data from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing is now available on the ABS website. Our range of new, easy-to-use tools makes searching Census data quick and easy. Visit

Key SEIFA data for Australia, Victoria and Greater Melbourne area are detailed below.


Peppermint Grove (WA) was recorded as Australia’s most advantaged Local Government Area (LGA), followed by Ku-ring-gai (NSW), Nedlands (WA), Cottesloe (WA) and Cambridge (WA).

Australia’s most disadvantaged LGA is Yarrabah (QLD), followed by Cherbourg (QLD), Belyuen (NT), Aurukun (QLD) and Woorabinda (QLD).


Boroondara in Melbourne’s eastern suburbs was recorded as the most advantaged LGA in Victoria followed by Bayside, Nillumbik, Stonnington and Manningham.

Victoria’s most disadvantaged LGA was recorded as the Central Goldfields followed by Greater Dandenong. The northern centres of Mildura and Loddon were ranked third and fourth most disadvantaged followed by Northern Grampians.

Greater Melbourne

Glen Iris-East was recorded as the most advantaged Statistical Area Level 2* (SA2) in the Greater Melbourne area. Surrey Hills (West)-Canterbury Camberwell and Brighton were recorded as second, third and fourth followed by the Ivanhoe East-Eaglemont SA2 in fifth.

The most disadvantaged SA2 in the Greater Melbourne area was recorded as Broadmeadows followed by Campbellfield-Coolaroo and Meadow Heights. Doveton was recorded as the fourth most disadvantaged SA2 followed by St Albans-South in fifth.

* While SA2s can be referred to generally as areas, they should not be referred to as suburbs or LGAs. In urban areas SA2s generally reflect one or more gazetted suburbs. Large suburbs may be split into multiple SA2s.

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