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Classifications

Australian System of National Accounts: Concepts, Sources and Methods
Reference period
2020-21 financial year

23.34    Not all products and industries in the standard national accounts product and industry classifications are related to tourism. Therefore, the TSA distinguishes between products and industries that are related to tourism, and those which are not. Tourism related products and industries are further classified into tourism characteristic and tourism connected resulting in three categories of industry and product in the ATSA.

Tourism related products

23.35    Tourism characteristic products are defined as those products which would cease to exist in meaningful quantity, or for which sales would be significantly reduced, in the absence of tourism. Under the international TSA standards, core lists of tourism characteristic products, based on the significance of their link to tourism in the worldwide context, are recommended for implementation to facilitate international comparison. International TSA standards also recommend that country-specific tourism characteristic products are identified. In the ATSA, for a product to be a country-specific tourism characteristic product, at least 25 per cent of the total output of the product must be consumed by visitors.

23.36    Tourism connected products are those products that are consumed by visitors but are not considered as tourism characteristic products. These products are not typical to the tourism industry only.

23.37    All other products in the Supply and Use table not consumed by visitors are classified as ''all other goods and services'' in the ATSA.

Tourism related industries

23.38    Tourism characteristic industries are defined as those industries that would either cease to exist in their present form or would be significantly affected if tourism were to cease. Under the international TSA standards, core lists of tourism characteristic industries, based on the significance of their link to tourism in the worldwide context, are recommended for implementation to facilitate international comparison.

23.39    In the ATSA, for an industry to be a country-specific tourism characteristic industry, at least 25 per cent of its output must be consumed by visitors. Whether or not an industry is classified as characteristic has no effect on total value added resulting from tourism. This is because the ATSA measures the gross value added resulting from the production of products directly consumed by visitors, not the total gross value added generated by tourism related industries.

23.40    Tourism connected industries are those, other than tourism characteristic industries, for which a tourism related product is directly identifiable (primary) to it, and where the products are consumed by visitors in volumes which are significant for the visitor and/or the producer.

23.41    Industries that do not fall into characteristic or connected industries are classified as ''all other industries'', though some of their products may be consumed by visitors and are included in the calculation of direct tourism gross value added and direct tourism GDP.