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ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION Per capita consumption of meat and meat products In 199899 the per capita consumption of beef fell by 3.6% to 34.9 kg. This compares with a fall of 4.2% in 199798 when the consumption of beef was 36.2 kg per capita. Veal consumption fell 21.5% to 1.5 kg per capita in 199899 after a slight rise of 5.8% in 199798 to 1.9 kg. Consumption of beef and veal has been steadily decreasing since the peak consumption period of the late 1970s. The per capita consumption of lamb rose 6.6% to 11.8 kg in 199899, after a fall in 199798 of 0.6% to 11.0 kg. Since the late 1930s, lamb consumption has grown from a low of 6.8 kg to a 20.5 kg per capita peak in the late 1960s followed by a steady decline to the current level. The per capita consumption of mutton fell in 199798 by 5% to 5.7 kg. This was followed by a large decline in 199899 of 21.1% to 4.5 kg . This figure was 47.0% below the 8.4 kg per capita consumption recorded in 199394. The long term decline in the consumption of mutton reflects the increase in availability of more palatable substitutes such as lamb and chicken, as well as changes in consumer tastes. Consumption of pigmeat rose by 2.4% to 19.0 kg per capita in 199899. In the late 1930s the consumption of pigmeat was only 3.9 kg per capita. The per capita consumption of bacon and ham grew in 199798 by 3.0% and then remained steady in 199899 at 8.7 kg. This per capita consumption figure was 17.9% higher than the 199394 level of 7.4 kg. POULTRY The apparent per capita consumption of poultry increased by 3.8% in 199899 to a high of 30.8 kg. This was 9.4% up on the per capita consumption recorded in 199394. Poultry intake has more than trebled from the 8.3 kg per capita consumption derived in the late 1960s. SEAFOOD When compared with the previous year's apparent per capita intake of 10.8 kg the consumption of total seafood rose by 1.2% in 199899 to 10.9 kg. In 199899 the consumption of Australian fish fell by 7.0% to 3.6 kg per capita while consumption of imported fish rose by 7.8% to 4.5 kg. During this period (199899), the per capita consumption of crustacea and molluscs rose slightly by 3.9% to 2.9 kg. Since 199394 total seafood per capita consumption has risen 6.1%. This follows a longer term trend showing the consumption of seafood increasing dramatically since the late 1930s when intake was 4.9 kg per capita. DAIRY PRODUCTS Between the years 199798 and 199899 the apparent per capita consumption of total dairy products (excluding 'infants and invalids foods') increased slightly to 23.3 kg. The per capita consumption of full cream condensed, concentrated and evaporated milk remained constant at 0.4 kg between 199798 and 199899 but the skim milk component rose by 49.6% to 1.0 kg in 199899. Per capita consumption of powdered milk decreased considerably between the years of 199697 and 199798 with a reduction of 30.6% for full cream and 21.8% for skim milk. This was followed by a decrease of 3.3% for full cream powder in 199899 and a rise of 1.3% for skim milk powder in 199899. Per capita consumption of cheese rose by 0.5% to 10.7 kg in 199899 and market milk consumption dropped slightly, by 0.6%, to 102.4 kg per capita. FRUIT AND FRUIT PRODUCTS The apparent consumption of fruit (including fruit for fruit juices) increased by 8.3% to 135.0 kg per capita in 199899, following an increase of 2.6% to 124.7 kg in the previous year. The recorded per capita consumption has increased about 56.1% since the late 1960s and 71.5% since the late 1930s. Per capita consumption of fruit and fruit products: The increased consumption in 199899 was largely due to a 21.7% increase in the available per capita consumption of citrus of which oranges are the major component. Imports of fresh and processed oranges increased to 602,610 tonnes, 57.0% of the total supply while commercial production of oranges contributed 445,840 tonnes (42.0%) of supply. Per capita consumption of processed fruit rose by 0.9% to 6.8 kg while dried fruit consumption also rose by 4.1% to 3.0 kg per capita. In contrast to citrus the per capita consumption of other fresh fruit fell in 199899 by 0.5% to 55.4 kg. VEGETABLES In 199899 the total apparent per capita consumption of vegetables was 162.0 kg. This figure was up by 45.0 kg compared with the late 1950s when the recorded consumption was 117.1 kg per capita. Although per capita consumption of potatoes fell by 5.8% to 68.0 kg in 199899, it remains the most popular vegetable. Other root and bulb vegetables showed an increase of 2.9% during that period to a per capita consumption figure of 24.4 kg. The consumption of tomatoes increased to 24.9 kg per capita in 199899. This level of consumption was preceded by a fall in per capita consumption of tomatoes by 19.3% in 199798 to 20.9 kg followed by a rise in 199899 of 18.9%. The per capita consumption of leafy and green vegetables fell 6.5% in 199899 to 19.5 kg, following a decrease of 3.2% in 199798. The other vegetables group showed an increase in per capita consumption in 199899 up 4.6% to 25.1 kg per capita. Per capita consumption of vegetables EGGS AND EGG PRODUCTS Egg consumption declined in 199899 by 1.9% to 137 eggs per capita, compared with the previous year when consumption rose by 6.4% to 140 eggs. In the longer term, egg consumption has also shown a decline with intake considerably less than the 255 eggs available for consumption in the late 1940s. GRAIN PRODUCTS Wheaten flour available for consumption rose by 1.7% in 199798 to 68.4 kg per capita and again in 199899 up by 1.9% to 69.7 kg. Overall total breakfast food consumption has increased by 2.3% to 7.9 kg per capita in 199899. This correlates with an increase in both the consumption of oatmeal and rolled oats, up 2.2% to 1.0 kg per capita in 199899, and the per capita consumption of other breakfast foods (from grain), up 2.4% to 6.9 kg per capita. Rice per capita consumption has increased by 27.0% since 199394, however there was a slight drop of 3.0% in 199899 to 7.1 kg per capita. The per capita consumption of bread increased marginally to 53.4 kg over the twoyear period to 199899. NUTS After a decrease of 14.6% in 199798 the apparent per capita consumption of peanuts rose by 16.2% to 2.3 kg in 199899. The per capita consumption of tree nuts fell in 199899 by 5.8% to 4.8 kg per capita. OILS AND FATS In 199899, the apparent consumption of fats fell 0.8% to 18.5 kg per capita, this compares with a 2.9% rise in 199798. The most significant contributor to this decline in the per capita consumption was margarine. Consumption of margarine other than table margarine dropped by 16.6% to a per capita consumption of 1.9 kg. The total consumption of margarine has recorded a fall of 18.6% from the level of 7.9 kg in 199394. Butter intake rose in 199899 by 1.9% to 2.9 kg per capita. Consumption of dairy blends was up by 7.5% to 0.8 kg. SUGARS Total apparent sugar consumption decreased in 199899 by 8.6% to 43.4 kg per capita, compared with the increased intake of sugar in 199798 by 5.8% to 47.5 kg per capita. This drop is attributable to the drop in consumption of total cane sugar which fell by 10.5% from 42.0 kg per capita in 199798 to 37.6 kg per capita in 199899. Honey consumption also declined by 19.8% to 0.5 kg per capita. Per capita consumption of sugars BEVERAGES The per capita consumption of tea increased by 12.8% to 0.9 kg and coffee increased by 2.7% to 2.4 kg in 199899. Carbonated and aerated waters increased by 3.7% to 113.0 litres per capita, making it the most popular beverage. The consumption of carbonated and aerated beverages has continued to increase from the late 1980s figure of 87.4 litres consumed per capita. The apparent per capita consumption of low alcohol beer showed a fall of 0.4% in 199899 to 24.7 litres per capita. The previous year recorded a rise in consumption of 3.1%. The consumption of other beer fell by 1.7% in 199899 to 68.5 litres per capita. Total beer consumption fell overall by 1.4% in 199899 to 93.2 litres per capita. Per capita beer consumption is now at a level similar to that of the late 1950s, since peaking at over 140 litres per capita in the mid 1970s. This reduction reflects changes in consumer tastes towards wine, the increase in availability of quality, competitively priced table wine, and an overall reduction in alcohol intake. Per capita consumption of total beer Wine per capita consumption increased by 3.4% in 199798 and 1.1% in 199899 to 19.8 litres per capita. This is a 6.7% increase on the 199394 per capita consumption figure of 18.6 litres. Consumption of wine has increased more than threefold since the late 1940s when intake was 5.9 litres per capita. ALCOHOL CONTENT The trends in the consumption of beer and wine are reflected in the apparent per capita consumption of alcohol (expressed in terms of alcohol content). The per capita consumption of alcohol has fallen by 1.5% in 199899 to 7.51 litres per capita. This is 3.7% down on the 199394 figure. Low alcohol beer fell 0.4% to 0.76 litres per capita in 199899, however since 199394, consumption of alcohol consumed as low alcohol beer has increased 13.6%. Alcohol consumed as other beer also fell in 199899 by 2.4% to 3.25 litres per capita. Alcohol consumed as wine rose by 0.8% in 199899. The consumption of alcohol as spirits decreased 3.6% in 199899 to 1.24 litres per capita. Longer term trends in the consumption of alcohol show that alcohol intake in 199899 was more than double that of the late 1930s, but is 21.7% down on the intake in the late 1970s. Document Selection These documents will be presented in a new window.

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