1200.0.55.007 - Year of Arrival Standard, 2014, Version 1.5  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/12/2019   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

Introduction

Background

Year of Arrival in Australia collects the year in which a person, born in another country, first arrived in Australia with the intention of living here for one year or more. The year in which an overseas-born person arrived in Australia can be used to derive the variable Period of Residence in Australia, which is included as part of this standard.

Data related to Year of Arrival in Australia can be used in conjunction with variables such as Country of Birth and Proficiency in Spoken English to analyse settlement patterns for various migrant groups.

Period of Residence in Australia can be used in cross classification with other data, to analyse how the characteristics of migrants change with the length of time they have been in Australia.

Closely associated with the variable Country of Birth, Year of Arrival in Australia should only be asked of those people who were born in a country other than Australia.

Name of Standard

The name of the variable is ‘Year of Arrival in Australia’.

The name of the variable derived from Year of Arrival in Australia is 'Period of Residence in Australia'.

Definitions

Nominal definition

Year of Arrival in Australia is defined as the year a person (born outside of Australia) first arrived in Australia, from another country, with the intention of living in Australia for one year or more.

Period of Residence in Australia is the length of time a person (born outside of Australia) has resided in Australia. It is derived from Year of Arrival in Australia – for details of the process, refer to 'Derivation procedures'. Significant periods of absence from Australia are excluded. Significant periods are absences of one year or more, excluding holidays, visits and business trips overseas.

Operational definition

The operational definition for Year of Arrival in Australia is the same as the nominal definition. It is measured by the calendar year 'date unit' of the first arrival of an individual in Australia expressed as a four digit year (for example, 2012).

The operational definition for Period of Residence in Australia is the same as the nominal definition. It is measured by the year 'time unit' and is expressed as completed years of residence (for example, seven years).

Discussion of issues

The Year of Arrival in Australia question requires the supporting variable Country of Birth and should only be asked of those people born in a country other than Australia. Standard procedure is to first ask the Country of Birth question and sequencing only people born in a country outside Australia to the Year of Arrival in Australia question.

Year of Arrival in Australia measures the year of first arrival in Australia and not the year of the most recent arrival. It is important to collect Year of Arrival in Australia in single years, instead of aggregated groups, to provide flexibility in cross classification with other variables, derivation of new data items, and production of output categories.

Period of Residence in Australia requires a specific question to accurately measure it. The question enables calculation of total significant absences from Australia since first arrival. These absences are removed from the period of residence spent in Australia.