4364.0.55.002 - Australian Health Survey: Health Service Usage and Health Related Actions, 2011-12
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 26/03/2013 First Issue
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Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a significant risk factor for heart disease, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. Hypertension can be prevented and managed through healthy lifestyle behaviours such as regular physical exercise, maintaining a healthy diet and weight, limiting alcohol intake and quitting smoking. Hypertension can be monitored through regular measurement of blood pressure and managed with the use of blood pressure lowering medications1.
In 2011-12, almost one-third (31.6%) of all adult Australians had hypertension, comprising 21.5% of people with high blood pressure and 10.1% with normal blood pressure who were taking hypertension medications. Of these, almost half (48.8%) self-reported having a current and long-term heart or circulatory condition.
Men were more likely to have hypertension than women (34.1% compared with 29.1% respectively). Hypertension was significantly more prevalent at older ages, with almost 9 in 10 (87.7%) people aged 85 years and over having hypertension.
Of all people with hypertension, around three-quarters (76.3%) were overweight/obese and 42.7% reported doing no exercise in the last week. In comparison, of people without hypertension, around one-half (53.1%) were overweight/obese and 32.5% reported doing no exercise in the last week.
For more information on hypertension and measured blood pressure see Table 13 Measured blood pressure and medication use, Table 14 Hypertension and measured blood pressure by selected health risk factors and long-term conditions, and Australian Health Survey: First Results, 2011-12 (cat. no. 4364.0.55.001).
1. Heart Foundation, Cardiovascular conditions, <http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/your-heart/cardiovascular-conditions/Pages/blood-pressure.aspx>, Last accessed 22/03/2013.
2. WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology, Dec 2012, Structure and principles, <http://www.whocc.no/atc/structure_and_principles/>, Last accessed 22/03/2013.