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The incentives reported 'very important' by the most females not in the labour force were:
The 'ability to work part-time hours' was particularly important for females aged 35–44 years with 61% reporting this as a 'very important' incentive.
The incentives most commonly reported as 'very important' for males who were not in the labour force, were:
The 'ability to work school hours' was more important for females than males with 28% of females reporting it as 'very important' compared to only 7% of males.
PERSONS NOT IN THE LABOUR FORCE, Selected incentives, by sex, 2012–13
For females not in the labour force with children aged under 13 years, 58% reported 'financial assistance with childcare costs' as a 'very important' incentive and 57% reported having 'access to childcare places' as 'very important'.
In 2012–13 unemployed people were asked for the first time about factors that would assist them in obtaining a job. The factor reported as 'very important' by the highest proportion of unemployed people was 'getting a job that matches skills and experience' (64%). This was reported by both males and females as being 'very important' (61% of males and 68% of females). For males, the age group with the highest proportion reporting this factor as 'very important' was the 45–54 year age group (72%) and for females it was the 35–44 year age group (74%).
Other factors reported as 'very important' by a high proportion of unemployed people were:
UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE, Selected factors to find work, by sex, 2012–13
PEOPLE WORKING PART-TIME HOURS
For people who usually work part-time hours in all of their jobs (usually working less than 35 hours per week), the most common incentives rated as 'very important' to working more hours were:
This indicates that for many people who work part-time, being able to continue to work part-time hours and to have flexible arrangements are key attractions when considering working more hours. Being able to work part-time hours was particularly important for males aged 55–75 years (coinciding with a transition into retirement in the later years), males aged 18–24 years (coinciding with study commitments) and females aged 25 to 54 years (coinciding with childcare commitments).
For females with children aged under 13 years, 55% reported having 'access to childcare places' as 'very important' and 51% reported 'financial assistance with childcare costs' as 'very important'. The childcare incentives were most important for females aged 18 to 34 years.
PEOPLE WORKING PART-TIME, Selected incentives to work more hours, by sex, 2012–13
There were similarities in the importance of incentives for people working less than 16 hours per week and those working between 16 and 34 hours. It can be seen in the graph below that most of the top ten incentives were rated as 'very important' by a slightly higher proportion of people who usually work 16–34 hours, except for:
PEOPLE WORKING PART-TIME, Selected incentives to work more hours, by hours usually worked, 2012–13
This article highlights the incentives data collected in the 2012–13 Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation topic. Both persons not in the labour force and those employed part-time place importance on being able to work part-time hours and being able to work set hours on set days. This highlights the preference for many in these groups to engage in, or maintain, part-time employment to enable them to balance their work with other commitments. The unemployed placed importance on utilising their existing skills/experience and improving their skills through training/study. This demonstrates the importance of skills, experience and job fit in assisting them transition into employment. For females with children aged under 13 years, child care incentives were particularly important.
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