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Music covers all areas of the industry: composition; live performances ranging from the latest pop styles to classical instrumental, vocal and orchestral forms; recording and publishing; studio and concert performances; and the marketing of sheet music.
Musica Viva is Australia's national chamber music entrepreneur. It began life as a performing ensemble - Sydney Musica Viva - on 8 December 1945, as an initiative of violist, conductor and inventor Richard Goldner. Sydney was still in the throes of wartime blackouts when the first concert was held, at the Sydney Conservatorium, with car headlights illuminating the entrance for patrons. A non-profit company with headquarters in Sydney, Musica Viva has a Board with members throughout Australia, a State committee structure and branch offices in capital cities.
Some 2,501 concerts were presented by Musica Viva in 2000 in Australia and overseas, with attendance exceeding 431,000 Australian patrons and in excess of 37,500 overseas patrons (table 12.14).
New market initiatives proved successful with the introduction of the 'Ménage' series of concerts in Sydney for people aged 35 years and younger, and the expansions of its outreach activities into retirement villages with the 'Musica Viva comes to the Village' program.
In 2000, Musica Viva in Schools student audiences topped 368,000 across Australia and in Singapore.
Symphony Australia Orchestral Network
The Symphony Australia Orchestral Network comprises Australia's six major professional symphony orchestras - Adelaide Symphony Orchestra, Melbourne Symphony Orchestra, Queensland Orchestra, Sydney Symphony Orchestra, Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra and West Australian Symphony Orchestra - and the national service organisation, Symphony Australia. The network was established as a division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) over a number of years from 1932. The orchestras and the national service organisation now operate as subsidiary companies of the ABC. The orchestras present live concerts in Australia's major performing arts venues and in free open-air concerts. They also present broadcasts on ABC radio and television, make recordings for international record labels, accompany opera and ballet performances, undertake international tours, and give performances in regional and country areas throughout Australia. In 1999-2000, the six orchestras presented more than 800 concerts to audiences totalling more than 1.1 million people (table 12.15) and reached much larger audiences through their recording and broadcast activities.
The first comprehensive study of Australian music businesses by the ABS shows that in 1995-96 these businesses had an income of $1,064.0m (table 12.16), about the same size as Australia's book publishing industry. The 541 music businesses comprised record companies, distributors, manufacturers of recorded music, music publishers and sound recording studios.
Total employment was 3,886 persons (including working proprietors), with 60% employed by record companies and distributors, 21% by sound recording studios and the remainder by music publishers and manufacturers.