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COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE, NSW
POPULATION, New South Wales, 31 December
BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS
In 2002, there were 86,245 live births registered throughout Australia to mothers whose usual residence was in NSW. A further 338 births were registered in NSW to mothers whose usual residence was overseas, giving a state total of 86,583 births. Registrations of births were 2% higher than in 2001 (84,578 births) and 6% lower than in 1992 (92,585 births). NSW had a crude birth rate of 13.1 births per 1,000 population, which was the second highest in Australia. The crude birth rate for NSW was also higher than for Australia (12.8 births per 1,000 population).
The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) for NSW in 2002 was 1.80 births per woman. This figure was above the Australian level of 1.75, but was below the replacement fertility level of 2.1 (the average number of children each woman would need to have to replace herself and her partner).
TOTAL FERTILITY RATE
(a) Births per woman
The median age of mothers continued to increase in 2002. The median age of mothers for all confinements was 30.3, compared with 28.7 in 1992. The median age of mothers of nuptial births was 31.0, while the median age for fathers of nuptial births was 33.4. The median age of mothers of first nuptial births has continued to increase from 27.9 in 1992 to 29.9 in 2002.
BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS(a), New South Wales
In 2002, there were 46,245 deaths registered for usual residents of NSW and 139 deaths registered for deceased persons whose usual residence was overseas. This gave a state total of 46,384 deaths, a decrease of 1,832 deaths since 2001.
The crude death rate was 7.0 deaths per 1,000 population (compared to 6.8 in 2001) and followed a downward trend in deaths over the past 140 years. The standardised death rate in 2002 was 6.6 deaths per 1,000 population, the same as in 2001 and 2.0 percentage points less than in 1992.
CRUDE DEATH RATE
(a) Per 1,000 population.
MEDIAN AGE AT DEATH
The median age at death has increased gradually for both males and females over the past decade. The median age at death for males (76.2 years) and females (82.2 years) in 2002 had increased by 3.7 years and 2.9 years respectively since 1992. Over the past 10 years, the median age at death for females has consistently remained around 6 years higher than that for males.
The life expectancy at birth in 2002 was 77.3 years for males and 82.6 years for females. These figures were 3.3 years and 2.4 years higher respectively than in 1992. Female life expectancy at birth has consistently remained around six years higher than that for males over the past decade.
There were 397 infant deaths (those aged less than one year) registered in 2002, a decrease of 12% over the previous year (449) and a decrease of 42% on the number in 1992 (688).
In 2002, the infant mortality rate was 4.6 deaths per 1,000 live births. During the last decade, the only year in which the infant mortality rate was lower than this was 1998 (4.3 deaths per 1,000 live births). The highest infant mortality rate during the same period occurred in 1992 (7.4 deaths per 1,000 live births respectively). The infant mortality rate first dropped below 100 in 1904, below 50 in 1930, below 20 in 1965 and below 10 in 1983.
DEATHS(a), New South Wales
NET OVERSEAS MIGRATION
Net overseas migration to NSW comprised 43,900 persons in 2002. This was 23% lower than the figure in 2001. Over the last ten years, net overseas migration to NSW was lowest in 1992 (23,100) and highest in 2001 (57,200). In 2002, NSW accounted for the greatest level of net overseas migration (39%) out of all Australian states and territories, followed by Victoria (23%).
NET INTERSTATE MIGRATION
In 2002, NSW continued to experience a net interstate migration loss (-30,400 persons). This represented the greatest loss for any state or territory in 2002 and the greatest loss for NSW in the last ten years. The net migration loss from NSW has increased significantly since 1992 when there was a loss of 15,800 persons. Between 1992 and 2001, the largest net interstate migration loss for NSW was experienced in 2001 (-19,200) and the smallest loss was experienced in 1997 (-10,700).
NET INTERSTATE MIGRATION, 2002
MIGRATION, New South Wales
NSW recorded 36,321 marriages in 2002, an increase of 212 marriages on the previous year and a decline of 4,413 marriages since 1992.
The crude marriage rate in 2002 remained the same as in 2001 (5.5 marriages per 1,000 population) but declined from 6.8 marriages per 1,000 population in 1992. Over the past ten years, the NSW crude marriage rate has exceeded the rate for Australia, except in 1996 and 1997 when the rates were the same.
CRUDE MARRIAGE RATE
(a) Per 1,000 population.
MEDIAN AGE AT MARRIAGE
The median ages of brides and grooms reached 28.6 years and 30.7 years respectively in 2002, the highest figures recorded in the past 10 years. Since 1992, the median ages at marriage for brides and grooms have increased by 2.3 years and 2.0 years respectively. The median age at marriage for grooms has consistently remained around 2 years higher than that for brides.
MARRIAGES, New South Wales
There were 16,057 divorces granted in NSW in 2001. This represents an increase of 1,301 divorces since 2000 and 2,108 divorces since 1992. In the five years to 2001, the crude divorce rate has remained relatively stable, moving from 2.3 in 1997 to 2.4 in 2001.
The median interval between marriage and final separation increased from 6.6 years in 1992 to 7.6 years in 2000 and 7.5 years in 2001. The median duration of marriage has also increased over the same period, from 9.7 years in 1992 to 10.9 years in 2001.
DIVORCES, New South Wales
3101.0 Australian Demographic Statistics
3201.0 Population by Age and Sex, State and Territories
3218.0 Regional Population Growth, Australia and New Zealand
3222.0 Population Projections, Australia
3230.0 Experimental Estimates of the Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander Population
3231.0 Experimental Projections of the Indigenous Population
3236.0 Household and Family Projections, Australia
3301.0 Births, Australia
3302.0 Deaths, Australia
3303.0 Causes of Death, Australia
3412.0 Migration, Australia
3105.0.65.001 Australian Historical Population Statistics
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