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AREA OF VINES
The area of vines being cultivated increased again, from the record area last year of 166,665 hectares, to 168,791 hectares in 2006. The total area of vines bearing grapes increased from 153,204 hectares to 158,167 hectares, a rise of 3.2%. The area of non-bearing grapes fell 21.1% in 2006 to 10,624 hectares from 13,462 hectares in 2005.
Vine Planting, Net change by state
There were 6,583 vineyards that irrigated in 2006. This was 83.5% of the total number of vineyards in Australia (7,861). The area of grapevines irrigated was 148,660 hectares, with South Australia (65,597 hectares) accounting for 44.1%. New South Wales (35,876 hectares) and Victoria (33,575 hectares) collectively had 46.7% of the area of grapevines irrigated nationally. The average usage of water was 3.66 megalitres per hectare. Victoria averaged 5.10 megalitres per hectare, New South Wales 4.38 megalitres per hectare and South Australia 2.91 megalitres per hectare.
Grape Production and Intended Usage
WINEMAKING LOCATIONS AND GRAPES CRUSHED
For the 2006 vintage there were 435 locations around Australia which crushed 50 tonnes or more of grapes owned by 392 winemaking businesses, compared with the 2005 vintage which had 413 locations owned by 366 winemaking businesses. There were 1,901,560 tonnes of grapes crushed in 2005-06, a decrease of 23,930 tonnes (1.2%) from last year.
BEVERAGE WINE PRODUCTION
Inventories of Australian beverage wine held by winemakers continued to grow in 2006, reaching 2,106.9 million litres at 30 June 2006. This was a 2.1% increase on the record high of last year (2,063.2 million litres) which rose 11.3% on the inventories held at 30 June 2004 (1,854.5 million litres).
INVENTORIES OF AUSTRALIAN TABLE WINE - At 30 June
The domestic sales of Australian brandy have continued to fall, dropping to 535,000 litres of alcohol in 2005-06. This was the fifth consecutive year to show a downward movement since the high in 2000-01 (901,000 litres of alcohol).
DOMESTIC SALES, IMPORTS AND CONSUMPTION (a) OF BRANDY
DOMESTIC WINE SALES
Domestic sales of Australian wine in 2005-06 were 431.1 million litres, a slight increase (0.2%) on the previous year's total of 430.1 million litres. In terms of volume, the components that recorded the largest increases were white table wine (2.6 million litres) and bulk fermented sparkling wine (1.3 million litres). The domestic sales for Red/rosť table wine fell by 1.9 million litres. Fortified wines also continued to fall, dropping to 18.5 million litres in 2005-06, which was 1.4 million litres less than last year and 7.4 million litres less than ten years ago.
DOMESTIC SALES OF AUSTRALIAN RED AND WHITE TABLE WINE
Australian wine exports continued to grow in 2005-06 with 722.2 million litres of wine exported to world markets, a rise of 7.8% on last year. The value of these exports rose by $42.6m (1.6%) to $2,757.9m. However, the average price per litre fell 5.7% from $4.05 in 2004-05 to $3.82 in 2005-06. For the 2005-06 period Australia imported 27.2 million litres of wine, significantly less than the volume exported.
EXPORTS OF AUSTRALIAN WINE AND IMPORTS OF WINE
DESTINATION OF AUSTRALIAN WINE EXPORTS
The European Union continued to be the major regional destination for Australian wine exports in 2005-06. It accounted for 388.3 million litres (53.8% of total exports by volume), valued at $1,302.9m (47.2% of total exports by value). Exports to Northern America accounted for 253.9 million litres (35.2%) and were valued at $1,110.6m (40.3%). The United Kingdom was the major country of destination for Australian wine, taking more than one third (36.2%) of the Australian wine exported during 2005-06. There were 261.5 million litres (valued at $945.8m) of Australian wine exported to the United Kingdom, followed by the United States of America which imported 204.9 million litres ($864.2m) and Canada with 48.9 million litres of wine valued at $245.7m.
DESTINATION OF AUSTRALIAN WINE EXPORTS (a)
GRAPE AND WINE PRICES
The wine grape price index showed another significant fall in 2005-06, down 19.8%. The index of prices received by winemakers also fell in 2005-06, dropping 0.5%. The price received for wine for domestic consumption remained steady, while the price received for wine for export decreased by 1.7%. The consumer price index for wine increased by 0.8% in 2005-06, compared with the annual increase of 3.2% in the All groups consumer price index.
PRICE INDEX OF GRAPES USED IN WINE PRODUCTION, Change on previous vintage
Apparent per capita consumption of wine has continued to increase, rising to 28.1 litres in 2004-05. In 1998-99 per capita consumption was 25.2 litres. The level of per capita consumption rose to 26.0 litres in 1999-2000 and remained relatively unchanged for three years until 2002-03 when it rose to 26.8 litres. The level of per capita consumption continued to rise in 2003-04 to reach 27.5 litres. This latest increase is more in line with the movements of the past decade and to the longer term trend which has seen per capita consumption of wine climb steadily over the last 50 years.
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF WINE (a)
The most current details of household expenditure show that during 2003-04 Australian households spent an average of $6.33 per week on wine. Households in the Australian Capital Territory spent the most with $8.04 and those in Queensland the least with $4.65. Australian Capital Territory households spent the highest proportion of their total weekly alcohol expenditure on wine (33.0%), while Northern Territory (NT) households spent the lowest (19.2%). Households in New South Wales (29.0%), Victoria (28.7%) and South Australia (27.8%) spent more than one quarter of their total weekly alcohol expenditure on wine. From 1998-99 to 2003-04 there was a 19.9% increase in weekly expenditure on wine nationally.
AVERAGE WEEKLY HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE, Alcoholic beverages
Of the countries for which 2003 data are available, Australia’s ranking for area of vines planted (157 thousand hectares) was twelfth, the same position as the previous year. Spain (1,207 thousand hectares), France (887 thousand hectares) and Italy (868 thousand hectares) had the greatest areas under vine. Australia was ranked eleventh in terms of total grape production (1,497 thousand tonnes). The top two countries with the highest grape production were Italy (7,484 thousand tonnes) and Spain (6,817 thousand tonnes), followed closely by France (6,307 thousand tonnes). France (4,636 million litres), Italy (4,409 million litres) and Spain (4,280 million litres) were the largest producers of wine. Australia produced 1,019 million litres of wine and was ranked seventh in the world for wine production.
PRODUCTION OF WINE, Principal countries
The top seven countries exporting the largest volumes of wine in 2003 were France, Italy, Spain, Australia, Chile, United States of America and Portugal. These seven countries accounted for 77.1% of total world wine exports. Australia, with 536.5 million litres of wine exported, was ranked the fourth largest exporter of wine. Australia exported 52.6% of its wine production, which was the second highest proportion, when compared to the other leading wine producing countries. The highest proportion was recorded by Chile which exported 60.3% of the wine it made. Australia’s per capita consumption of wine in 2003 increased to 21.3 litres (20.5 litres in 2002), but was still well below the leading countries of France (55.4 litres), Portugal (52.6 litres) and Italy (51.1 litres).
EXPORTS OF WINE, Principal countries
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