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LEADING CAUSES OF ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER DEATHS
Due to data quality issues with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander causes of death data, the following analysis is based on 2,600 deaths which is an aggregate of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Northern Territory data only for the 2010 reference year. Caution should still be taken when interpreting data for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians presented in this publication, especially with regard to year to year changes. See Explanatory Notes 74-83 for further information.
Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99) (668 or 25.7%), Neoplasms (C00-D48) (495 or 19.0%), External causes of mortality (V01-Y98) (353 or 13.6%) and Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E90) (251 or 9.7%) accounted for just over two-thirds (68.0%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander deaths.
Table 6.1 highlights the leading causes based on the World Health Organization recommendation for leading causes (see Chapter 2, Leading Causes of Death for more information). The top 10 leading causes of death account for just over half (52.3%) of all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander deaths.
Figure 6.2 presents further comparisons of age-standardised rates for specific causes for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous populations.
Footnote(s): (a) Includes deaths of persons identified as Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander or both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander. (b) See Explanatory Notes 89-104 for further information on specific issues relating to 2010 data. (c) Causes of death data for 2010 are preliminary and subject to a revisions process. See Explanatory Notes 35-39 and Technical Notes, Causes of Death Revisions, 2006 and Causes of Death Revisions, 2008 and 2009.
Source(s): Causes of Death, Australia
All rate ratios presented in the following sections are based on age standardised death rates (that are per 100,000 persons) comparing the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous populations.