The 2003-04 ABS Book Publishers Survey identified 234 businesses that were predominantly involved in publishing books. There were an additional ten businesses that generated an annual income in excess of $2m from book publishing, although their main business activities were in other fields.
At the other end of the distribution chain, the 2003-04 ABS Book Retailers Survey identified a total of 1,572 businesses in Australia involved in book retailing. This included 561 bookshops, 991 newsagents and 19 other large retailers (i.e. supermarkets, department stores, etc.).