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POPULATION FLOWS, 2009-10
Table 5.3 shows that the most prevalent moves were from New South Wales to Queensland (42,000 persons). The counter flows from Queensland to New South Wales were the second largest (35,400 persons), followed by the flows from New South Wales to Victoria (22,700 persons) and Victoria to New South Wales (20,100 persons). In terms of net flows, Queensland gained the highest number of interstate movers from New South Wales with 6,700 persons. The next highest gain was Victoria from New South Wales with 2,600 persons. With the exceptions of Western Australia and Tasmania, all states and territories had higher flows to Queensland than from Queensland.
Flows of people between the mainland eastern states were larger than those between the other states and territories. Queensland, being the main beneficiary from interstate migration, was the prime destination for people departing from Western Australia (8,300 persons), the Northern Territory (5,200 persons) and Tasmania (3,200 persons) in 2009-10. The Australian Capital Territory received its largest inflow of interstate migrants from its neighbour, New South Wales with 10,100 persons. The reverse flow from the Australian Capital Territory to New South Wales (9,900 persons) was also the largest for the territory. A cross-border exchange between South Australia and Victoria was also evident. The interstate migration outflow from South Australia to Victoria was the highest recorded for the state (6,500 persons). Conversely, South Australia received its highest inflow from Victoria (5,600 persons).
Interstate flows as a proportion of population
The impact of interstate migration flows on each state and territory population varies. One way of measuring the effect is to calculate each flow as a proportion of each state or territory's population (figure 5.4).
In 2009-10, the Northern Territory experienced the greatest impact from both interstate arrivals and interstate departures. These flows represented 6.9% and 7.2% of the Northern Territory's population respectively. The Australian Capital Territory experienced the next greatest impact with a 5.0% and 5.1% change in its population through interstate arrivals and departures respectively. Victoria's population felt the lowest impact from interstate migration flows with a 1.1% change through both its interstate arrivals and departures.