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Melbourne (C) - Inner: Characteristics of the area and usual residents
The Melbourne (C) - Inner SLA is situated in the heart of the central business district of Victoria's capital city, Melbourne. A number of universities are situated within and around Melbourne (C) - Inner, specifically the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University and campuses of Victoria University.
Housing and households
The 2006 Census data showed Melbourne (C) - Inner SLA contained a high proportion of rented dwellings (71.0% of occupied private dwellings) and the main (almost the only) type of dwelling was flats, units or apartments (97.8% of occupied private dwellings). The median rent for this SLA was $305 per week, relatively high compared with the $185 per week recorded for Victoria.
At the 2006 Census, Melbourne (C) - Inner SLA had almost double the proportion of lone person households compared to Australia (42.1% and 24.4% respectively) and a much higher proportion of group households (21.2% compared to 3.9% for Australia).
The Melbourne (C) - Inner SLA had a high proportion of young people, with a median age of usual residents of 25 years, compared with 37 years for Australia. Almost one third (32.7%) of residents were attending University or other tertiary institutions compared with 4.1% of residents in Australia.
A high proportion (37.0%) of employed residents were recorded as Professionals (using the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO), 2006).
Nearly 70% of the residents in Melbourne (C) - Inner were born overseas, compared with 23.9% of people living in Australia. A high proportion of Melbourne (C) - Inner residents were born in Maritime South East Asia (23.2%) and Chinese Asia (includes Mongolia) (15.9%), mainly in the countries Malaysia, Indonesia and China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province).
Only 43.4% of usual residents in Melbourne (C) - Inner spoke only English at home, compared with 83.2% of people living in Australia.
People who arrived in, departed or did not move from Melbourne (C) - Inner
Following is a discussion of the characteristics of three populations relating to Melbourne (C) - Inner: arrivals to the SLA within the five years to the 2006 Census; departures from the SLA within the same time period; and those who did not move.
At the 2006 Census more than 80% of the usual residents of Melbourne (C) - Inner (excluding people aged 0-4 years and those who did not state where they lived five years ago) were new arrivals to the SLA (i.e. arrived within the last five years). Most of these arrivals (57.8%) were from overseas (refer Graph 3.1).
Most departures from Melbourne (C) Inner (81.7%) moved to other SLAs in Victoria (this analysis excludes departures overseas, which are unable to be counted using Census data).
Most arrivals to Melbourne (C) - Inner (68.9% or 4,952 arrivals) were aged 15-29 years (see Graph 3.2) while for departures, the most common age group was 30-44 years (43.1% of departures), followed by 15-29 year olds (36.0%) (see Graph 3.3). Departures aged 5-14 years represented 2.6% of departures, which is a larger proportion than this age group represented in the general population of the SLA (1.0%).
Overseas arrivals had a much higher proportion of people attending University or other tertiary institutions (49.2%) than arrivals from elsewhere in Victoria or from interstate (20.3% and 18.5% respectively). Conversely, more than half (51.6%) of the arrivals from elsewhere in Victoria and 49.9% from interstate had a Bachelor degree or higher. This compared with 35.0% of arrivals from overseas and 44.4% of people who did not move SLA (see Graph 3.4).
Almost 55% of departures aged 15 years and over had a Bachelor degree or higher (54.5%). This is consistent with students leaving the SLA to work in their chosen careers once they have completed tertiary studies.
Of those arrivals aged 15 years and over, 62.8% were in the labour force. More than 80% of arrivals from interstate and intrastate were in the labour force. Lower proportions were recorded for both overseas arrivals and people who did not move SLA (47.4% and 67.3% respectively). More than 85% of arrivals in the labour force were employed. The majority of arrivals who were employed were full-time (68.5%), with 26.7% working part-time.
More than half (52.2%) of employed arrivals were recorded (using the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO), 2006) as being Managers or Professionals. Professional occupations were held by 37.8% of employed arrivals.
Of departures aged 15 years and over, 83.5% were in the labour force and the majority of employed departures were working full-time (74.3%). More than 60% of employed departures, were Managers or Professionals (62.3%), with 42.0% of employed departures with Professional occupations.
With such high proportions in the labour force, working full-time and being employed in Managerial or Professional occupations, it is perhaps not surprising that more than one third (38.4%) of departures aged 15 years and over earned $1,000 or more per week and 14.3% earned $2,000 or more per week.
There is a stark comparison of these proportions with those for arrivals in the same age group; 22.6% earned $1,000 or more per week and 5.6% earned $2,000 or more per week. At the other end of the income scale, one quarter of arrivals aged 15 years and over recorded nil income.
Please note: All data presented in this publication relate to person or dwelling characteristics at the time of the 2006 Census. As arrivals and departures may have moved at any time in the five years to the 2006 Census their characteristics could have been different at the time of their migration. The data presented also only captures a person's place of usual residence at the 2006 Census and five years prior to the Census. People could have moved residence numerous times between these time periods. Arrivals estimates exclude people who did not state where they lived five years ago, and those who were under the age of 5 at the time of the 2006 Census. In addition to those exclusions, estimates of departures also exclude overseas departures (as these people were not enumerated in the Census). To be consistent with the conceptual basis of the arrivals and departures estimates, the adjusted Census count used in calculating population turnover also excludes 0-4 year olds and people who did not state where they lived five years ago.
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