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AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY
Duntroon: Characteristics of the area and usual residents
Duntroon was chosen for discussion because it had the largest population turnover (147.8%) of all SLAs in the ACT, and the second largest of all SLAs in Australia.
Duntroon is located within Canberra, the capital city of the ACT. Within this SLA is the Royal Military College and the Australian Defence Force Academy (where successful students graduate with an undergraduate degree from the University of New South Wales).
At the 2006 Census the labour force participation rate in Duntroon was 92.5% and 99.9% of the labour force were employed. The industry subdivision (using the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006) that recorded the highest proportion of employed residents in Duntroon was Defence (87.4%). The subdivision with the second highest proportion of employed people was Tertiary education (6.9%).
Age and sex
More than 70% (72.7%) of people living in Duntroon were male and the median age of all residents was 20 years, compared with 34 years in the ACT and 37 years in Australia.
All occupied private dwellings (142 dwellings) in Duntroon were rented which is indicative of a mobile population. These occupied private dwellings appear to have been located within the confines of the Royal Military College and were likely to be housing for military personnel and their families.
People who arrived in or departed from Duntroon
Following is a discussion of the characteristics of two populations relating to Duntroon; arrivals to the SLA within the five years to the 2006 Census and departures from the SLA within the same time period. People who did not move from Duntroon are not discussed in this section due to the small size of this group (27 people).
Age and sex
At the 2006 Census 98.3% of people living in Duntroon (excluding people aged 0-4 years and those who did not state where they lived five years ago) were new arrivals to the SLA (i.e. arrived within the last five years). As this SLA is comprised mostly of the Royal Military College and the Australian Defence Force Academy, it is likely that most arrivals attend the college or academy and depart following completion of training and studies. The majority (88.6%) of arrivals to Duntroon were from interstate, 5.8% were from the remainder of the ACT and 5.7% were from overseas. Similarly most departures (89.5%) departed to interstate (this analysis excludes departures overseas, which are unable to be counted using Census data).
The majority of arrivals and departures were male, making up 74.5% of all arrivals and 71.0% of all departures. Most arrivals (82.1%) were aged 15-29 years, as seen in Graph 9.1. This was similar for departures (69.8%) (see Graph 9.2). Only small proportions of arrivals and departures were aged 45 years and over (1.5% and 4.9%).
The high proportion of arrivals (53.4%) attending University or other tertiary institutions is likely to be accounted for by the presence of the Australian Defence Force Academy with which the University of New South Wales partners for academic studies. The presence of the Australian Defence Force Academy also explains the lower proportion of departures (compared with arrivals) attending University or other tertiary institutions (17.1%) and the consequent increase in the proportion of departures not studying (71.5%).
A high proportion of arrivals were studying at Other educational institutions (17.5%), when compared with usual residents in the Canberra Statistical Division (0.9%) (which is the Canberra capital city area). This high proportion may be associated with students attending the Royal Military College Duntroon. As this college is post secondary study, (and the Royal Military College is not a TAFE or university), it is possible that students at the Royal Military College chose 'Other educational institution' when completing their Census forms.
Of arrivals aged 15 years and over, 92.8% were in the labour force. Close to all (99.8%) of this group were employed. Similar proportions were recorded for departures, 94.7% of people aged 15 years and over were in the labour force and 99.1% of the labour force were employed.
It is unusual to have such a high labour force participation rate in conjunction with such a high rate of people attending the types of education discussed in the above paragraphs. When students attend the Australian Defence Force Academy and Royal Military College, they are recruited by the military and are paid to undertake their studies and training. Consequently these students are likely to indicate on the Census form that they were employed and also that they were currently studying.
Of employed arrivals most (87.6%) worked in the industry subdivision of Defence. Arrivals from the remainder of the ACT had a slightly smaller proportion of residents working in Defence (70.1%) compared with 88.8% of employed interstate arrivals and 86.4% of overseas arrivals. The subdivision with the second largest proportion of employed arrivals was Tertiary education (7.1% or 95 people). Close to 20% of employed arrivals from the ACT worked in this industry (19.5% or 15 people).
Just over 75% of departures were employed in the Defence industry subdivision. The remainder of employed departures worked in a variety of industries, the largest after Defence was the subdivision of Public administration (3.3% or 22 departures) and Professional, scientific and technical services (except Computer system design and related services) (2.7% or 18 departures).
Generally, departures from Duntroon earned a higher weekly income than arrivals to this SLA. More than 70% of departures aged 15 years and over earned $1,000 or more per week, compared with 13.0% of arrivals.
Please note: All data presented in this publication relate to person or dwelling characteristics at the time of the 2006 Census. As arrivals and departures may have moved at any time in the five years to the 2006 Census their characteristics could have been different at the time of their migration. The data presented also only captures a person's place of usual residence at the 2006 Census and five years prior to the Census (where they have answered that question). People could have moved residence numerous times between these time periods. Arrivals estimates exclude people who did not state where they lived five years ago, and those who were under the age of 5 at the time of the 2006 Census. In addition to those exclusions, estimates of departures also exclude overseas departures (as these people were not enumerated in the Census). To be consistent with the conceptual basis of the arrivals and departures estimates, the adjusted Census count used in calculating population turnover also excludes 0-4 year olds and people who did not state where they lived five years ago.
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