DATA NEEDS IN RELATION TO ‘INCIDENT' ELEMENT OF THE FRAMEWORK
There are many possible data sources relating to the ‘Incident’ element of the Framework, across crime and justice sources; from health and welfare sectors; through child protection authorities, particularly as a source of information regarding children witnessing violence; targeted help lines; and through administrative data from local-level services providers. It is likely, however, that not all areas of data need will be covered.
Potential units for analysis
- What is the nature of FDV in Australia? What are the characteristics of incidents of FDV?
- What are the characteristics of victims of FDV? What are their experiences and their perceptions of FDV?
- What are the characteristics of perpetrators of FDV? What are their experiences and their perceptions of FDV?
- Are some population groups and age groups over-represented in incidents of FDV (as victims or as perpetrators)?
- In what circumstances does FDV occur?
- Are these changing over time? In what way?
- Are there any common trigger events? If so what are they, and in what proportion of cases are they a factor?
- Is there a common trajectory with FDV incidents; do they tend to escalate over time or do behaviours remain relatively stable?
- What proportion of victims respond to a period of abuse with violence, thereby becoming a perpetrator themselves?
- What proportion of FDV incidents involve secondary victims, e.g. children as witnesses?
- What is known about incidents of FDV involving parents and children? Is there a correlation between these incidents, and those in which children are witnesses to abuse between parents?
In answering questions about the incident, information may be sourced from administrative records or surveys about following counting units:
- People (both victims and perpetrators of FDV);
- Incidents (of FDV); and
- Characteristics of FDV incidents.