Since 1994 there have been a number of improvements in the social circumstances of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. These include gains in educational attainment, improvements in employment (with associated reductions in unemployment) and increases in home ownership.
Nevertheless, Indigenous people remain disadvantaged across a range of areas of social concern when compared with the social circumstances of non-Indigenous Australians. In addition, many Indigenous people in remote areas have limited access to services and mainstream labour markets.
Discussion of the association between socioeconomic circumstances and health status can be found in Chapter 7.