Public libraries are particularly reliant on government funding for their operation, with 93% of their total income of $839.0m in 2003-04 coming from this source. The total expenses of public libraries in 2003-04 were $852.8m, of which $447.7m (53%) were labour costs. Other major expenses were purchases of library materials, and repairs and maintenance.
10.9 INCOME AND EXPENSES OF PUBLIC LIBRARIES - 2003-04
National and state libraries
All public libraries
|Government funding |
|Federal and state/territory |
|Income from services to clients |
|Other income |
|Total income(a) |
|Labour costs |
|Telecommunication services |
|Repair and maintenance expenses |
|Purchases of library materials |
|Total expenses(b) |
|- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) |
|(a) Total includes other income such as fundraising, sales of goods etc. |
|(b) Total includes other expenses such as subscription payments, freight, etc. |
|Source: Public Libraries, Australia, 2003-04 (cat. no. 8561.0) |
The eight national and state archives were also highly dependent on government funding with $97.9m of their total $109.1m income coming from this source in 2003-04. An additional $10.4m came from services to clients. The total expenses of these archives was $107.0m with the greatest expense item being labour costs ($46.3m).
According to Cultural Funding by Government, Australia, 2007-08
(cat. no. 4183.0), the Australian Government provided $65.4m towards funding for public libraries in 2007-08, while the state and territory government contributed $317.6m. Archives received $93.8m from the Australian Government in 2007-08, and a further $60.1m from the state and territory government.
The majority of funding for libraries, however, is from local government, with libraries receiving $653.4m in 2007-08, a 4% increase from 2006-07 ($626.7m).