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BUSINESS STRUCTURE AND ARRANGEMENTS
Regardless of the employment size group, the majority of businesses reported being Wholly Australian owned. Proportions ranged from 72% for businesses with 200 or more persons employed to 98% for businesses with 0-4 persons employed.
The Mining industry (11%) recorded the highest proportion of businesses with Greater than 50% foreign ownership, followed by Wholesale Trade at 9%.
Innovation-active businesses were almost twice as likely as non innovation-active businesses to have some degree of foreign ownership. For example, in the Information Media and Telecommunications industry, 12% of innovation-active businesses had some percentage of foreign ownership compared to 6% for non innovation-active businesses.
Businesses were asked whether they were involved in any franchising agreements during the year ended 30 June 2007. Businesses could be identified as a franchisee (i.e. operated a franchise), franchisor (i.e. controlled a franchise system) or both.
Involvement in a franchising agreement as a Franchisee was reported by 5% of all businesses. Businesses with 20-199 persons employed were the most likely to be a Franchisee (10%). The proportion of businesses operating as a Franchisor was highest for businesses with 200 or more persons employed (4%), compared to rates around 1% for businesses within the other employment size ranges.
The industries with the highest proportion of Franchisees were Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services along with Retail Trade, both of which were the only industries to record proportions above 10%.
Businesses were asked to indicate if they were involved in collaborative arrangements with other businesses during the year ended 30 June 2007. Collaborative arrangements were defined as arrangements where businesses work together for mutual benefit. This included informal collaborative arrangements but excluded straight fee-for-service and franchising arrangements.
The proportion of businesses reporting any type of collaborative arrangement increased with each successive employment size range. Joint marketing or distribution was the most prevalent, with 5% of all businesses indicating this type of arrangement.
At the industry level, the highest proportion of businesses with any collaborative arrangements was Mining at 19%. By contrast, the Construction industry reported the lowest proportion of businesses involved in any collaborative arrangements at 4%. More than half of all industries reported rates of involvement in collaborative arrangements of 10% or more.
Innovation-active businesses, at 16%, were more than twice as likely to be involved in some type of collaborative arrangements than non innovation-active businesses (6%).
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