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BUSINESS HUMAN RESOURCES DEVOTED TO R&D
While Manufacturing remained the largest industry contributor in 2009-10, it had the largest decrease in proportional share of total PYE (down from 32% in 2008-09 to 30%). The Financial and insurance services industry had the largest increase in proportional share of total PYE (up from 10% to 17% in 2009-10). This industry also had the largest absolute increase in PYE compared to 2008-09 (up 4,060 PYE).
Mining and Wholesale trade had the largest absolute decreases in human resources devoted to R&D from 2008-09, down 623 PYE and 557 PYE, respectively.
In 2009-10, businesses with 200 or more employees accounted for the largest proportion of total human resources devoted to R&D, at 59% of total PYE (or 33,973 PYE). Compared to 2008-09, this employment size group also had the largest absolute growth and percentage increase in PYE (up 2,726 PYE or 9%), and was the only employment size group to increase its proportional share of total PYE.
Between 2008-09 and 2009-10, businesses with 0-4 employees had the smallest absolute increase in PYE (up 82 PYE) and remained the lowest contributing group to total PYE (at 3%).
TYPE OF RESOURCE
Researchers continued to be the most dominant type of human resource devoted to R&D in 2009-10, accounting for 29,085 PYE or 51% of total PYE. Technicians had the largest absolute growth compared to 2008-09 (up 1,652 PYE to 18,859 PYE) and was the only type of resource to increase its proportional share of total PYE (up 1 percentage point to 33%).
In 2009-10, Wholly Australian owned businesses made the largest contribution to total human resource effort devoted to R&D, at 33,323 PYE or 58% of total PYE. Wholly Australian owned businesses also had the largest PYE increase, in both absolute and percentage terms, up 5,062 PYE or 18% compared to 2008-09.
Businesses with Greater than 50% foreign ownership had the largest decrease in proportional share of total PYE compared to 2008-09 (down 4 percentage points to 29% in 2009-10), while Wholly Australian owned businesses had the only increase (up 6 percentage points from 52%).
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