Increased production was reported nationally across most fruit and nut commodities. Queensland and Victoria were both major contributors with both these states reporting increases in key fruit commodities.
Mandarin production grew nationally by 24,100 tonnes or 24% in 2014-15 driven by increases in production in all states. In Queensland (which accounts for 59% of national mandarin production), production increased by 23% (up to 74.2 million tonnes) due predominantly to an increase in the number of bearing age trees (up 11%).
Nationally, avocado production reached record numbers in 2015-16 (up 39% to 67,600 tonnes) due to increased production levels in all states, particularly Western Australia (up 53%) and Queensland (up 24%) which together account for more than three quarters of the national crop.
Apple production increased nationally by 5% to 308,300 tonnes with increased production in all states, except New South Wales and Victoria. The largest apple growing state, Victoria (accounting for 43% of the total) had a decrease of 1% following unfavourable weather events in the Goulburn Valley growing region including a series of hail storms through late 2015 and early 2016.
Hail damage also impacted pear production in Victoria (which accounts for almost 90% of the nation's pear production), causing extensive damage to crops. Despite these conditions, Victoria pear production remained steady for 2015-16 at 93,500 tonnes.
Almond production increased nationally by 30% to a record high of 73,000 tonnes following increases in production in both Victoria (up 29% to 56,000 tonnes) and South Australia (up 56% to 14,000 tonnes).
CHANGE IN COLLECTION SCOPE
The scope for the 2015-16 Agricultural Census was all agricultural businesses with an Estimated Value of Agricultural Operations (EVAO) of $40,000 or greater. This is a change from previous ABS rural environment and agricultural collections, where a scope of EVAO of $5,000 or greater was used. This change was foreshadowed in February 2016 in Agricultural Census: Nature and Content, 2015-16 (cat. no 7100.1).
The 2014-15 estimates presented in this publication have been revised to use the new scope of $40,000 or greater.
For more information about EVAO and the change in scope, refer to the Explanatory Notes within this release.
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