CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE (I00-I99)
Cardiovascular health relates to the health of the heart and blood vessels. The major underlying causes of death relating to cardiovascular health are coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure and peripheral vascular disease. Cardiovascular disease (I00-I99) was the underlying cause for 46,106 deaths registered in Australia during 2009, which represents 32.8% of all deaths. These diseases contributed to a total of 80,375 deaths as either an underlying or associated cause of death.
Five of the top 20 leading underlying causes of death in 2009 were attributable to some form of cardiovascular disease. These five causes accounted for 40,352 deaths, or 28.7% of all registered deaths in 2009. For further analysis of leading causes of death see Chapter 2.
The standardised death rate for cardiovascular disease was 183.4 per 100,000 population in 2009, a decrease from 266.8 per 100,000 population in 2000. The standardised death rate for males in 2009 was 218.8 per 100,000, and 153.1 per 100,000 for females.
Of those deaths due to cardiovascular disease, 47.6% were male and 52.4% were female. Females dying from these diseases had a higher median age at death, 87.2 years compared with 81.3 years for males. The potential life lost due to cardiovascular disease is much higher for males than females; 116,996 years for males compared with 47,420 for females.