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APPENDIX 2 RE–REFERENCING THE INTERNATIONAL TRADE PRICE INDEXES
6 For example, for the Import Price Index; All Groups an arithmetic conversion factor is obtained as follows:
7 The factor may be used to convert any historical Import Price Index; All groups, index numbers to the new index reference period. The formulae shown in the above example may be followed in respect of any specific time series for which index numbers have been published on the old index reference period.
NOTE: The above example is calculated using the published index numbers that have been rounded to one decimal. The ABS has calculated the conversion factors from unrounded index numbers, to obtain a greater degree of precision. The preferred conversion factors which use this greater degree of precision are available electronically, as data cubes, on the 'downloads' tab of this product.
CONVERTING THE RE-REFERENCED SERIES BACK TO PREVIOUS INDEX REFERENCE PERIOD
8 The conversion of the series from the new index reference period to the old involves a rescaling of the index numbers. The rescaling factors are obtained by taking the inverse of the previously described scaling factor.
For example, for the Import Price Index; All groups, the rescaling factor is obtained as follows:
9 The factor may be used to convert any historical Import Price Index; All groups index number on the new index reference period. The formulae shown in the above example may be followed in respect of any specific time series for which index numbers have been published on the new index reference period.
10 Index numbers and percentage changes are always published to one decimal place, with the percentage changes being calculated from the rounded index numbers. Index numbers for periods longer than a single quarter (e.g. for financial years) are calculated as the simple arithmetic average of the relevant rounded quarterly index numbers. The conversion factors described above are applied to the rounded index numbers. A consequence of re-referencing price indexes can be that period-to-period percentage changes may differ slightly to those previously published due to rounding and the re-referencing. These differences do not constitute a revision.
11 It should be noted that a different conversion factor will apply for each index series. For example the conversion factor for the Import price Index Food and live animals will differ from the factor for the Import Price Index Beverages and tobacco. Similarly, the conversion factor for the Export price Index Food and live animals will differ from the factor for the Export Price Index Beverages and tobacco. Conversion factors for converting to the new index reference period are provided in 'Table 20 - ITPIs conversion factors, from index reference period 1989-90 to 2011-12' available as a data cube on the 'Downloads' tab of this product.
12 For further information, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070. The ABS provides further information on re-referencing in Producer and International Trade Price Indexes: Concepts, Sources and Methods, 2006 (cat. no. 6429.0) and Frequently Asked Questions available at <https://www.abs.gov.au>.
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