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Active steps taken to find work
Active steps taken by unemployed persons in their search for work during the current period of unemployment include:
Actively looking for work
Persons who were taking active steps to find work. Active steps comprise:
Age of youngest child
Age of the youngest child, 12 years and under, in the household.
Available to start work
Refers to employed or unemployed persons who were available to start work or more hours either in the reference week, or in the four weeks subsequent to the interview.
Available to start work within four weeks
Persons who were available to start work within four weeks or, for persons with children aged 12 years and under, could start work within four weeks if suitable child care was available.
Change in work
Employees were considered to have had some change in work if they had been with their current employer for one year or more at February 2016 and reported that, in the 12 months to February 2017, they had:
Contributing family workers
Persons who work without pay in an economic enterprise operated by a relative.
Did not want to work
Persons who were not classified as employed or unemployed who answered 'no' when asked if they would like a job.
Discouraged job seekers
Persons with marginal attachment to the labour force who wanted to work and were available to start work within the next four weeks but whose main reason for not actively looking for work was that they believed they would not find a job for any of the following reasons:
Duration of current period of insufficient work
For full-time workers who worked fewer than 35 hours in the reference week due to economic reasons, refers to the number of weeks they have been working fewer than 35 hours a week.
For part-time workers who would prefer to work more hours, refers to the number of weeks they have wanted to work more hours.
As periods of insufficient work are recorded in full weeks and rounded down, this results in a slight understatement of duration.
Duration of current period of unemployment
The period of time from when an unemployed person began looking for work until the end of the reference week; or the period of time since an unemployed person last worked in any job for two weeks or more until the end of the reference week; whichever was the shorter period. Brief periods of work (of less than two weeks) since the person began looking for work are disregarded.
Duration of looking for work before current job
The number of weeks or years that employed persons were looking for work before being offered their current job or starting their own business. For employed persons who had worked before, it includes any time they were looking for work before leaving their previous employer.
Economic reasons for full-time workers having worked fewer than 35 hours in the reference week are:
Persons aged 15 years and over who, during the reference week:
An employed person who does not operate their own incorporated or unincorporated enterprise. An employee works for a public or private employer and receives remuneration in wages, salary, on a commission basis (with or without a retainer), tips, piece-rates, or payment in kind.
Two or more persons, one of whom is at least 15 years of age, who are related by blood, marriage (registered or de facto), adoption, step or fostering; and who are usually resident in the same household. The basis of a family is formed by identifying the presence of a couple relationship, lone parent-child relationship or other blood relationship. Some households will, therefore, contain more than one family.
Family reasons for not actively looking for work
Includes ill health of someone other than themselves, caring for children and other family considerations.
First job ever held lasting two weeks or more
Refers to employees (excluding Owner Managers of Incorporated Enterprises (OMIES)) who had never worked for two weeks or more before starting their current job.
Persons who preferred to work 35 hours or more a week. For this survey, full-time preference is derived by applying data collected on respondents' preferred number of hours to those who intended to or might enter the labour force in the next 12 months.
Full-time or part-time status of last job
The perception of persons of whether they worked full-time or part-time in their last job.
Employed persons who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and others who, although usually working fewer than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.
Persons waiting to start, within four weeks of the end of the reference week, a new job that they have already obtained (and could have started in the reference week if the job had been available then). Under International Labour Organisation (ILO) guidelines, these persons do not have to be actively looking for work to be classified as unemployed.
Had a job to go to
Persons who were waiting to start a job, but would not be starting within four weeks. Also includes persons who had a job but, up to the end of the reference week, had been away from work without pay for four weeks or longer and had not been actively looking for work.
Had worked before
Refers to employees (excluding OMIEs) who had worked before and were either out of work or changed their employer before starting their current job.
An industry is a group of businesses or organisations that undertake similar economic activities to produce goods and/or services. In this publication, industry refers to ANZSIC Division as classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (Revision 2.0) (cat. no. 1292.0).
Intention to enter the labour force in the next 12 months
The intention of persons to work or look for work in the 12 months following the interview.
Refers to whether persons were prepared to move to another state or territory if offered a suitable job.
Refers to whether persons were prepared to move to another part of their state or territory if offered a suitable job.
Any paid employment, full-time or part-time, lasting two weeks or more.
Employed persons who started their current job in the previous 12 months.
The civilian population is split into two mutually exclusive groups: the labour force (employed and unemployed persons) and persons not in the labour force. The definitions conform closely to the international standard definitions adopted by the International Conferences of Labour Statisticians.
Left a job
Persons who are classified as voluntarily ceasing their last job.
Level of highest educational attainment
Persons whose duration of current period of unemployment is 12 months or more.
Looking for work with more hours
Looked for work with more hours at some time during the four weeks up to the end of the reference week.
Lost a job
Persons who have worked for two weeks or more in the past two years and who left that job involuntarily.
Main activity when not in the labour force
The main activity of persons who are not in the labour force since they last worked or looked for work (or in the last 12 months if they haven't worked in the last year).
Main difficulty in finding work
The self reported main difficulty in finding work experienced during the current period of unemployment.
The job in which most hours are usually worked.
Marginal attachment to the labour force
Persons who were not in the labour force in the reference week, wanted to work and:
The criteria for determining those in the labour force are based on activity (i.e. working or looking for work) and availability to start work during the reference week. The criteria associated with marginal attachment to the labour force, in particular the concepts of wanting to work and reasons for not actively looking for work, are more subjective. Hence, the measurement against these criteria is affected by the respondent’s own interpretation of the concepts used. An individual respondent’s interpretation may be affected by their work aspirations, as well as family, economic and other commitments.
For more information see article Understanding the Australian Labour Force Using ABS Statistics in Labour Force, Australia (6202.0).
Non-economic reasons for full-time workers having worked fewer than 35 hours in the reference week include:
Not available to start work
Refers to persons who were not available to start work with more hours either in the reference week, or in the four weeks following the interview.
Not fully employed
Persons who are not fully employed comprise part-time workers who would prefer to work more hours, and full-time workers who worked part-time hours in the reference week for economic reasons.
Number of offers of employment
The number of separate offers of employment received during the current period of unemployment.
An occupation is a collection of jobs that are sufficiently similar in their title and tasks, skill level and skill specialisation which are grouped together for the purposes of classification. In this publication, occupation refers to Major Group and Sub-Major Group as defined by ANZSCO - Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations, 2013, Version 1.2 (cat. no. 1220.0).
Owner managers of incorporated enterprises (OMIEs)
Persons who work in their own incorporated enterprise, that is, a business entity which is registered as a separate legal entity to its members or owners (also known as a limited liability company). These persons are classified as employees under 'status of employment'.
Owner managers of unincorporated enterprises (OMUEs)
Persons who operate their own unincorporated enterprise, that is, a business entity in which the owner and the business are legally inseparable, so that the owner is liable for any business debts that are incurred. Includes those engaged independently in a trade or profession. These persons are classified as employers under 'status of employment' if their business has employees, or own account worker if they do not.
Persons who preferred to work one to 34 hours a week. For this survey, part-time preference is derived by applying data collected on respondents' preferred number of hours to those who intended to or might enter the labour force in the next 12 months.
Employed persons who usually worked fewer than 35 hours a week (in all jobs) and either did so during the reference week, or were not at work during the reference week.
Personal reasons for not actively looking for work1
Includes 'own short-term illness or injury' or 'long-term health condition or disability', 'pregnancy', 'attending an educational institution', 'had no need to work', 'welfare payments or pension may be affected', and 'moved house or on holidays'.
Persons not in the labour force
Persons not in the labour force can be divided into those who are marginally attached to the labour force, and those who are not. Persons who are marginally attached to the labour force satisfy some, but not all, of the criteria required to be classified as unemployed.
Persons not in the labour force are not marginally attached to the labour force if they:
Preferred number of hours
The number of hours unemployed persons would like to work each week.
Preferred number of extra hours
The number of extra hours a week an underemployed worker would have preferred to work.
Preferred total number of hours
The total number of hours per week an underemployed worker would prefer to work.
Classifies reasons for turning down job offers in current period of unemployment according to the following categories:
Classifies employed persons according to the following categories on the basis of their current job:
Persons who are in a situation where an employer is unable to provide useful work for its employees, for a particular period of time, for circumstances beyond its control.
A suitable job is:
Time since last job
The elapsed time since ceasing the last job.
Underemployed workers are employed persons who would prefer, and are available for, more hours of work than they currently have. They comprise:
Persons aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and:
Usual number of hours
The number of hours usually worked in a week.
Wanted to work
Persons not in the labour force who were not actively looking for work who answered 'yes' or 'maybe' when asked if they would like a job, as well as those persons not in the labour force who were actively looking. It is assumed those persons actively looking want a job.
With paid leave entitlements
The entitlement of employees to either paid holiday leave or paid sick leave (or both) in their current job. Persons employed in their own business or who were contributing family workers were not asked questions about paid leave entitlements.
Without paid leave entitlements
Employees who were not entitled to, or did not know whether they were entitled to, paid holiday leave and paid sick leave in their current job.
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