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All difficulties in finding work
All difficulties in finding work experienced by unemployed persons during the current period of unemployment.
All steps taken to find work
All steps taken by unemployed persons in their search for work during the current period of unemployment.
All steps taken to attain a job
All steps taken to attain a job by persons who started their current job in the previous 12 months. Refers to steps taken to attain a job, not necessarily the current job.
Bachelor Degree or above
Bachelor Degree or above includes qualifications at the Postgraduate Degree level, Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate level and Bachelor Degree level.
Centrelink is a statutory authority responsible for delivering a range of Commonwealth Government services, including the registration of persons for job search assistance and income support.
Certificate not further defined
Survey responses are coded to Certificate not further defined (n.f.d.) when there is not enough information to code them to Certificate I, II, III or IV in the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0), Level of Education classification.
Contributing family workers
Persons who work without pay in an economic enterprise operated by a relative.
A job that a person is currently working in and has lasted, or is likely to last, for a period of two weeks or more. For persons who have commenced more than one job in the previous 12 months, it is the job most recently started.
Duration of current period of unemployment
The period of time from when an unemployed person began looking for work until the end of the reference week; or the period of time since an unemployed person last worked in any job for two weeks or more until the end of the reference week; whichever was the shorter period. Brief periods of work (of less than two weeks) since the person began looking for work are disregarded.
Duration of looking for work before current job
The number of weeks or years that employed persons were looking for work before being offered their current job or starting their own business. For employed persons who had worked before, it includes any time they were looking for work before leaving their previous employer.
Persons aged 15 years and over who, during the reference week:
Employee (excluding OMIEs) job starters
Persons, excluding those who operate their own incorporated enterprise with or without employees, who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, a retainer fee from their employer while working on a commission basis, tips, piece rates, or payment in kind and started their current job in the previous 12 months.
Persons who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, a retainer fee from their employer while working on a commission basis, tips, piece rates, or payment in kind, or persons who operate their own incorporated enterprise with or without hiring employees.
Persons who operate their own unincorporated economic enterprise or engage independently in a profession or trade, and hire one or more employees.
Employment type in current job
Classifies employed persons according to the following categories on the basis of their current job:
Employment type in main job
For this survey, employment type in main job classifies employed persons according to the following categories on the basis of their main job (that is, the job in which the most hours were usually worked):
First job ever held lasting two weeks or more
Refers to employees (excluding OMIEs) who had never worked for two weeks or more before starting their current job.
Employed persons who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and others who, although usually working fewer than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.
Had an interview with an employer
Includes face-to-face and phone interviews.
Had worked before
Refers to employees (excluding OMIEs) who had worked before and were either out of work or changed their employer before starting their current job.
An enterprise which is registered as a separate legal entity to its members or owners (also known as a limited liability company).
An industry is a group of businesses or organisations that undertake similar economic activities to produce both goods and services. In this publication, industry refers to ANZSIC Division as classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (cat. no. 1292.0).
Job Network/Job Services employment agency
In July 2009, the Job Network was replaced by Job Services Australia. The Job Network/Job Services Australia is a national network of private, community and government organisations on contract to the government to provide employment placement services to the community. Job seekers who are registered with Centrelink for job search assistance are able to contact a Job Services Australia provider in their area to receive this service.
Employed persons who started their current job in the previous 12 months.
Left a job
Unemployed persons who have worked for two weeks or more in the past two years and who left that job voluntarily.
Level of highest educational attainment
Level of highest educational attainment identifies the highest achievement a person has attained in any area of study. It is not a measurement of the relative importance of different fields of study but a ranking of qualifications and other educational attainments regardless of the particular area of study or the type of institution in which the study was undertaken. See Appendix 2 for an explanation of how highest level is derived.
Level of highest non-school qualification
Non-school qualifications are awarded for educational attainments other than those of pre-primary, primary or secondary education. They include qualifications at the Postgraduate Degree level, Masters Degree level, Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate level, Bachelor Degree level, Advanced Diploma and Diploma level, and Certificates I, II, III and IV levels and not further defined. Non-school qualifications may be attained concurrently with school qualifications.
Persons whose duration of current period unemployment is 12 months or more.
Lost a job
Unemployed persons who have worked for two weeks or more in the past two years and who left that job involuntarily.
Main difficulty in finding work
The main difficulty in finding work experienced during the current period of unemployment.
Main English-speaking countries
The list of main English-speaking countries provided here is not an attempt to classify countries on the basis of whether or not English is the predominant or official language of each country. It is a list of the main countries from which Australia receives, or has received, significant numbers of overseas settlers who are likely to speak English. These countries comprise the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa and the United States of America.
The job in which most hours are usually worked.
Mean duration of current period of unemployment
The duration obtained by dividing the aggregate number of weeks a group has been unemployed by the number of persons in that group.
Median duration of current period of unemployment
The duration which divides unemployed persons into two groups of equal size, one comprising persons whose duration of unemployment is above the mid point, and the other, persons whose duration is below it.
Number of offers of employment
The number of separate offers of employment received during the current period of unemployment.
Number of spells of looking for work in the previous 12 months
The number of times persons reported being out of work and looking for a job during the 12 months up to the end of the reference week.
An occupation is a collection of jobs that are sufficiently similar in their title and tasks, skill level and skill specialisation which are grouped together for the purposes of classification. In this publication occupation refers to Major Group as defined by ANZSCO - Australian Standard Classification of Occupations, First Edition, Revision 1, 2009 (cat. no. 1220.0).
Own account workers
Persons who operate their own unincorporated economic enterprise or engaged independently in a profession or trade, and hired no employees.
Persons who work in their own business, with or without employees, whether or not the business is an incorporated enterprise. Comprises owner managers of incorporated enterprises and owner managers of unincorporated enterprises.
Owner managers of incorporated enterprises (OMIE)
Persons who work in their own incorporated enterprise, that is, a business entity which is registered as a separate legal entity to its members or owners (also known as a limited liability company). These persons are classified as employees under 'status in employment'.
Owner managers of unincorporated enterprises (OMUE)
Persons who operate their own unincorporated enterprise, that is, a business entity in which the owner and the business are legally inseparable, so that the owner is liable for any business debts that are incurred. Includes those engaged independently in a trade or profession. These persons are classified as employers under 'status in employment' if their business has employees, or own account worker if they do not.
Employed persons who usually worked fewer than 35 hours a week (in all jobs) and who either did so during the reference week, or were not at work in the reference week.
Preferred number of hours
The number of hours unemployed persons would like to work each week.
Reasons for turning down job offers
Classifies reasons for turning down job offers in current period of unemployment according to the following categories:
Status in employment
Employed persons classified by whether they were employees, employers, own account workers or contributing family workers.
Time spent looking for work in the previous 12 months
The total number of weeks a person has been both out of work and looking for work at the same time during the 12 months up to the end of the reference week.
Persons aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and:
Unemployed looking for full-time work
Unemployed persons who:
Unemployed looking for part-time work
Unemployed persons who:
Usually worked full-time hours
Employed persons who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs).
Usually worked part-time hours
Employed persons who usually worked fewer than 35 hours a week (in all jobs).
Whether had prior knowledge that job was available
Whether employed persons knew that a job was available with their current employer before making an approach to that employer for a job.
Whether had ever worked for two weeks or more
Whether unemployed persons had previously held a job lasting two weeks or more.
Whether out of work prior to starting job
Whether employed persons were not employed immediately prior to starting their current job.
Whether preferred to work more hours than usually worked
Whether employed persons who usually worked part-time hours, preferred to work more hours.
With paid leave entitlements
The entitlement of employees (excluding OMIEs) to either paid holiday leave or paid sick leave (or both) in their current job. Persons employed in their own business or who were contributing family workers were not asked questions about paid leave entitlements. For more information, see paragraph 17 of the Explanatory Notes.
Without paid leave entitlements
Employees (excluding OMIEs) who were not entitled to, or did not know whether they were entitled to, paid holiday leave and paid sick leave in their current job. For more information, see paragraph 17 of the Explanatory Notes.
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