Active steps taken to find work
Active steps taken by unemployed persons in their search for work during the current period of unemployment include:
All difficulties in finding work
- wrote, phoned or applied in person to an employer for work
- answered an advertisement for a job in a newspaper
- answered an advertisement for a job on the Internet
- answered an advertisement for a job on Centrelink touchscreens
- answered an advertisement for a job on workplace noticeboards
- contacted friends or relatives
- advertised or tendered for work
- registered with a Job Network employment agency
- registered with other employment agency
- registered with Centrelink as a jobseeker.
All difficulties in finding work experienced by unemployed persons during the current period of unemployment.
All steps taken to find work
All steps taken by unemployed persons in their search for work during the current period of unemployment.
All steps taken to attain a job
All steps taken to attain a job by persons who started their current job in the last 12 months, but not necessarily only the steps taken to attain their current job.
Bachelor Degree or above
Bachelor Degree or above includes qualifications at the Post Graduate Degree Level, Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate Level and Bachelor Degree Level.
Centrelink is a statutory authority responsible for delivering a range of Commonwealth Government services, including the registration of persons for job search assistance and income support.
Certificate not further defined
Survey responses are coded to Certificate not further defined (n.f.d.) when there is not enough information to code them to Certificate I, II, III or IV in the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), Level of Education Classification.
Contributing family workers
A person who works without pay, in an economic enterprise operated by a relative.
A job that a person is currently working in, was started in the last 12 months and has lasted or is likely to last for a period of two weeks or more. For persons who have commenced more than one job in the last 12 months, it is the job most recently started.
Duration of current period of unemployment
The elapsed period to the end of the reference week since a person began looking for work, or since a person last worked for two weeks or more, whichever is the shorter. Brief periods of work (of less than two weeks) since the person began looking for work are disregarded.
Persons aged 15 years and over who, during the reference week:
Employed in own business
- worked for one hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind, in a job or business or on a farm (comprising employees, employers and own account workers); or
- worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a farm (i.e. contributing family workers); or
- were employees who had a job but were not at work and were:
- away from work for less than four weeks up to the end of the reference week; or
- away from work for more than four weeks up to the end of the reference week and received pay for some or all of the four week period to the end of the reference week; or
- away from work as a standard work or shift arrangement; or
- on strike or locked out; or
- on workers' compensation and expected to return to their job; or
- were employers or own account workers who had a job, business or farm, but were not at work.
Persons who worked in their own business, with or without employees, whether the business is incorporated or not. Those who work in their own incorporated enterprise are classified as employees under 'status in employment'. Those who work in their own unincorporated enterprise are classified under 'status in employment' as employers if their business has employees, or own account workers if they do not. In this survey, these people are not asked about their job search experience.
Employed not in own business
All persons excluding those employed in their own business.
A person who works for a public or private employer and receives remuneration in wages, salary, a retainer fee from their employer while working on a commission basis, tips, piece rates, or payment in kind, or a person who operates their own incorporated enterprise with or without hiring employees.
Employed persons who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and others who, although usually working less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.
An enterprise which is registered as a separate legal entity to its members or owners (also known as a limited liability company).
All occurrences of industry in this publication refer to Division, as classified by the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 (cat. no. 1292.0).
Unemployed persons who have worked for two weeks or more in the past two years and left that job voluntarily, for example, because of unsatisfactory work arrangements/pay/hours; the job was a holiday job or they left the job to return to studies; or their last job was running their own business and they closed down or sold that business for reasons other than financial difficulties.
Unemployed persons who have worked for two weeks or more in the past two years and left that job involuntarily, that is, were laid off or retrenched from that job; left that job because of their own ill-health or injury; the job was seasonal or temporary; or their last job was running their own business and the business closed down because of financial difficulties.
Job Network employment agency
The Job Network is a national network of private, community and government organisations on contract to the government to provide employment placement services to the community. Jobseekers who are registered with Centrelink for job search assistance are able to contact any Job Network provider in their area to receive this service.
Level of highest educational attainment
Level of highest educational attainment identifies the highest achievement a person has attained in any area of study. It is defined as the highest educational attainment a person has achieved, and is not a measurement of relative importance of different fields of study.
Level of highest non-school qualification
Non-school qualifications are awarded for educational attainments other than those of pre-primary, primary or secondary education. They include qualifications at the Post Graduate Degree Level, Master Degree Level, Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate Level, Bachelor Degree Level, Advanced Diploma and Diploma level, and Certificates I, II, III and IV levels. Non-school qualifications may be attained concurrently with school qualifications.
Looking for full-time work
Unemployed persons who:
Looking for part-time work
- actively looked for full-time work; or
- were waiting to start a new full-time job.
Unemployed persons who:
Main difficulty in finding work
- actively looked for part-time work only; or
- were waiting to start a new part-time job.
The main difficulty in finding work experienced during the current period of unemployment.
Main English-speaking countries
Main English-speaking countries are the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, South Africa, the United States of America and New Zealand.
The job in which most hours are usually worked.
Mean duration of current period of unemployment
The duration obtained by dividing the aggregate number of weeks a group has been unemployed by the number of persons in that group.
Median duration of current period of unemployment
The duration which divides unemployed persons into two equal size groups, one comprising persons whose duration of unemployment is above the median, and the other, persons whose duration is below it.
Number of offers of employment
The number of separate offers of employment received during the current period of unemployment.
All occurrences of occupation in this publication relate to Major Group as defined by the ASCO - Australian Standard Classification of Occupations, Second Edition, 1997 (cat. no. 1220.0).
Number of spells of looking for work in the previous 12 months
The number of times the person reported being out of work and looking for a job during the 12 months up to the end of the reference week.
Employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours a week (in all jobs) and who did so during the reference week, or were not at work in the reference week.
Prefers to work more hours
Whether an employed person who usually works part-time hours would prefer to work more hours.
Status in employment
Employed persons classified by whether they were employees, employers, own account workers or contributing family workers.
Time spent looking for work in the previous 12 months
The total number of weeks a person has been both out of work and looking for work at the same time during the 12 months up to the end of the reference week.
Persons aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and:
Whether had prior knowledge that job was available
- had actively looked for full-time or part-time work at any time in the four weeks up to the end of the reference week and were available for work in the reference week; or
- were waiting to start a new job within four weeks from the end of the reference week, and could have started in the reference week if the job had been available then.
Whether an employed person knew that a job was available with their current employer before making an approach to the employer for a job.
Whether first job ever held lasting two weeks or more
Whether the job currently held by an employed person is the first job they have ever held lasting two weeks or more.
Whether has ever worked for two weeks or more
Whether an unemployed person has previously held a job lasting two weeks or more.
Whether out of work prior to starting job
Whether an employed person was unemployed prior to starting the job they currently held.