6202.0 - Labour Force, Australia, Jul 2016 Quality Declaration 
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/08/2016   
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The Labour Force Survey sample can be thought of as comprising eight sub-samples (or rotation groups), with each sub-sample remaining in the survey for eight months, and one rotation group "rotating out" each month and being replaced by a new group "rotating in". This sample rotation is important in ensuring that seven-eighths of the sample are common from one month to the next, to ensure that changes in the estimates reflect real changes in the labour market, rather than the sample. In addition, the replacement sample is generally selected from the same geographic areas as the outgoing one, as part of a representative sampling approach.

When considering movements in the original estimates, it is possible to decompose the sample into three components:

  • the matched common sample (survey respondents who responded in both June and July);
  • the unmatched common sample (respondents in July but who did not respond in June, or vice versa); and
  • the incoming rotation group (who replaced respondents who rotated out in June).

The detailed decomposition of each of these movements is included in the data cube 'Insights From the Original Data'.

In considering the three components of the sample, it is important to remember that the matched common sample describes the change observed for the same respondents between June and July, while the other two components reflect differences between the aggregate labour force status of different groups of people.

While the rotation groups are designed to be representative of the population, the outgoing and incoming rotation groups will almost always have somewhat different characteristics, as a result of the groups representing a sample of different households and people. The design of the survey, including the weighting and estimation processes, ensures that these differences are generally relatively minor and seeks to ensure that differences in characteristics of rotation groups do not affect the representativeness of the survey and its estimates. Monthly estimates are always designed to be representative of their respective months, regardless of the relative contribution of the three components of the sample.


In original terms, the incoming rotation group in July 2016 had the same Employment to Population ratio as the group it replaced (62.1% in both June and July 2016). The proportion of employed people who were employed full-time was higher than the group it replaced, 67.9% of employed people were employed full-time in the outgoing rotation group in June 2016 and 69.2% of employed people were employed full-time in the incoming rotation group in July 2016.

The incoming rotation group in July 2016 had a smaller share of the Civilian Population aged 15 and over than the group it replaced (12.2% in June 2016 and 11.5% in July 2016).


In looking ahead to the August 2016 estimates, the outgoing rotation group in July 2016, which will be replaced by a new incoming rotation group in August 2016, had a higher employment to population ratio (62.5% in July 2016) compared to the sample as a whole (61.2% in July 2016).

In original terms, the unemployment rate for the outgoing rotation group in July 2016 was 4.4%, which was lower than for the 5.6% whole sample. The participation rate for the outgoing rotation group in July 2016 was 65.3%, slightly higher than the 64.8% for the whole sample.


As the gross flows and rotation group data are presented in original terms they are not directly comparable to the seasonally adjusted and trend data discussed elsewhere in the commentary, and are included to provide additional information for the original data. Since the original data are unadjusted, they have a considerable level of inherent sampling variability, which is specifically adjusted for in the trend series. The trend data provide the best measure of the underlying behaviour of the labour market and are the focus of the commentary in this publication.