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LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH
Regional life expectancy
For the period 2008-2010, life expectancy at birth varied between the Statistical Divisions (SD) of Australia by approximately 9.2 years for both males and females. Male life expectancy at birth was highest in Gold Coast SD and Melbourne SD (both 80.7 years). Female life expectancy at birth was highest in Gold Coast SD (85.2 years) and Sunshine Coast SD (85.1 years).
Male life expectancy was lowest in the Northern Territory Balance SD (71.5 years) followed by Far West SD (75.1 years). Female life expectancy was lowest in the Northern Territory Balance SD (75.9 years) and South Eastern SD (80.6 years).
Australia's more rural and remote populations tend to have higher mortality rates and consequently lower life expectancy than populations living in either capital cities or urbanised areas (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), 1998). For instance, Northern Territory Balance SD, which has the lowest life expectancy at birth, is a remote area with high proportions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians.
Outside the capital cities, the more urbanised Statistical Divisions tended to have higher life expectancies at birth, such as South Australian SD's South-East and Outer Adelaide. For more information, see data cube Table 4: Deaths, Summary, Statistical Divisions, 2005 to 2010.