SOURCES OF DATA
The Census of Population and Housing
The 2006 Census of Population and Housing collected information on a person’s main job in the week before the Census (i.e. the one in which they usually worked the most hours). A range of demographic information including sex, age, birthplace, income, hours worked and state or territory of usual residence as well as details on occupation and industry are available from the Census. While this chapter provides some data from the Census on cultural employment, it is by no means exhaustive and substantially more can be found in the ABS (2008d) publication Employment in Culture, Australia, 2006 (cat. no. 6273.0).
For the 2006 Census, occupation and industry data were dual coded. This gives users the option to use either (ABS, 2006a) Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (First Edition, 2006) (ANZSCO) (cat. no. 1220.0) or (ABS, 1997) Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (Second Edition, 1997) (ASCO) (cat. no. 1220.0) when analysing occupation data. Users can also choose between (ABS, 1993) Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) 1993 (cat. no. 1292.0) or (ABS, 2008b) ANZSIC 2006 (Revision 1.0) (cat. no. 1292.0) when analysing industry data. This is why the figures in table 5.1 for employment in cultural industries differ from table 5.2. Unless comparing data over time, the 2006 occupation figures using ANZSCO and the 2006 industry figures using ANZSIC 2006 should be reported.
The list of cultural occupations shown in this chapter is based on the Occupation Classification of the (ABS, 2008c) Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications 2008 (Second Edition) (ACLC) ( cat. no. 4902.0). Occupations were selected because they require creative participation (e.g. sculptors and actors), or have a role in enabling others to participate in a cultural activity (e.g. librarians).
Survey of Work in Selected Culture and Leisure Activities
The survey of Work in Selected Culture and Leisure Activities was collected as a supplement to the monthly Labour Force Survey between 1993 and 2007. There were slight changes in methodology during this time. Unlike the Census, the survey covered all cultural work including second jobs and both paid and unpaid involvement. The survey asked people aged 15 years and over about their involvement in cultural activities over a 12 month period. Data from the most recent, and final, survey appears in the ABS (2007b) publication Work in Selected Culture and Leisure Activities, Australia, April 2007 (cat. no. 6281.0).
The 2010 General Social Survey (GSS) contained a voluntary work module and collected information about volunteering for a range of organisations, including those relating to arts and heritage. Data relating to the demographic details of volunteers, their reasons for volunteering and the frequency and duration of their involvement were all collected. Summary results from the 2010 survey are published in (ABS, 2011g) Voluntary Work, Australia, 2010 (cat. no. 4441.0).
Service Industry Surveys
Different surveys collect information about different populations. The Census, Work in Selected Culture and Leisure Activities and Voluntary Work obtain their data from households whereas the Service Industry Surveys collected information from cultural organisations. These organisations were able to provide information on the number of people they employed and the number of volunteers whose services they used. The suite of Service Industry Surveys has been discontinued
Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours
The August 2010 survey of Employee Earnings and Hours provides information on the composition and distribution of the earnings and hours of wage and salary earners. Data from this survey have been published in (ABS, 2011e) Employee Earnings and Hours, Australia, May 2010 (cat. no. 6306.0).