Public Libraries Survey
Public libraries are particularly reliant on government funding for their operation, with 93% of their total income of $839.0m in 2003-04 coming from this source. The total expenses of public libraries in 2003-04 were $852.8m, of which $447.7m (53%) was labour costs. Other major expenses were purchases of library materials, and repairs and maintenance.
10.9 Income and Expenses of Public Libraries - 2003-04
|Government funding |
|Federal and state/territory |
|Income from services to clients |
|Other income(a) |
|Total income(b) |
|Labour costs |
|Telecommunication services |
|Repair and maintenance expenses |
|Purchases of library materials |
|Other expenses(c) |
|Total expenses(b) |
|- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) |
|(a) Includes other income such as fundraising, sales of goods, etc. |
|(b) Components may not add to totals as some components include data which is not available for publication but has been included in totals unless otherwise indicated. |
|(c) Includes other expenses such as subscription payments, freight, etc. |
|Source: Public Libraries, Australia, 2003-04 (cat. no. 8561.0). |
The eight national and state archives were also highly dependent on government funding with $97.9m of their total $109.1m income coming from this source in 2003-04. An additional $10.4m came from services to clients. The total expenses of these archives was $107.0m with the greatest expense item being labour costs ($46.3m).
Cultural Funding Survey
According to Cultural Funding by Government, Australia, 2008-09
(cat. no. 4183.0), the Australian Government provided $60.0m towards funding for public libraries in 2008-09, while state and territory government contributed $337.4m. Archives received $105.4m from the Australian Government in 2008-09, and a further $65.9m from state and territory government.
The majority of funding for libraries, however, is from local government, with libraries receiving $727.5m in 2008-09, an 11% increase from 2007-08 ($645.9m).