APPENDIX 2 – DISABILITY GROUPS
1 Disabilities can be broadly grouped depending on whether they relate to functioning of the mind or the senses, or to anatomy or physiology. Each disability group may refer to a single disability or be composed of a number of broadly similar disabilities. The SDAC module relating to disability groups was designed to identify four separate groups based on the particular type of disability identified.
2 These groups are:
- loss of sight (not corrected by glasses or contact lenses)
- loss of hearing where communication is restricted, or an aid used
- speech difficulties, including loss.
- difficulty learning or understanding things.
- shortness of breath or breathing difficulties that restrict everyday activities
- blackouts, fits or loss of consciousness
- chronic or recurrent pain or discomfort that restricts everyday activities
- incomplete use of arms or fingers
- difficulty gripping or holding things
- incomplete use of feet or legs
- restriction in physical activities or in doing physical work
- disfigurement or deformity.
- nervous or emotional condition that restricts everyday activities
- mental illness or condition requiring help or supervision
- head injury, stroke or other brain damage, with long-term effects that restrict everyday activities.
The following categories were not included in any of the four groups above, but were included in the total:
- receiving treatment or medication for any other long-term conditions or ailments and still restricted in everyday activities
- any other long-term conditions resulting in a restriction in everyday activities.
In the disability groups module people could be counted more than once if they had multiple disabilities which belonged to more than one disability group. For example, a person with a hearing loss and speech difficulties would be counted once in the sensory disability group. However, a person with a hearing loss and a physical deformity would be counted once in the sensory disability group and once in the physical disability group. As a result, the sum of the components of data from the disability groups module does not add to the total persons with disabilities.
Data are not included in this publication by disability group; however, this information is provided to assist users to understand data from other products from the SDAC.