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This document was added or updated on 31/10/2012.
POPULATION GROWTH AND TURNOVER IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS
Population growth and turnover are of interest for the planning, design and delivery of services and infrastructure in regions. In contrast to population growth rates, turnover rates measure the extent to which people move into and out of a region. Population turnover rates indicate change in the composition of a region, and are of strong interest because they can help understand, for example, why the characteristics and needs of a region are changing significantly, even if the population count is relatively stable.
HIGHLIGHTS FROM THIS RELEASE
The median population growth rate, using counts from the Census, across all LGAs in Australia was 0.7% between 2001 and 2006, and the median turnover rate was 499.6 persons per thousand. However, LGAs experiencing high population growth based on Census counts between 2001 and 2006 did not necessarily have high population turnover in that same period. For example, Ballarat (C) had an annual average population growth rate of 1.4% between 2001 and 2006, but a population turnover rate of 347.8 per thousand between 2001 and 2006.
To examine LGAs from both a population growth and a population turnover perspective, LGAs were grouped into one of four categories, with:
Map 1 presents the results of classifying LGAs into one of these four categories.
Map 1. POPULATION GROWTH AND POPULATION TURNOVER RATES - Local Government Areas, 2001 to 2006
Many LGAs in Category One, with high population growth and high turnover between 2001 and 2006 based on Census counts were in mining areas in regional Western Australia and Queensland - such as East Pilbara (S) and Roebourne (S) in Western Australia and Bowen (S) in Queensland - and in inner cities (e.g. Melbourne, Perth, Adelaide and Sydney).
Category Two LGAs (high growth/low turnover) were typically larger regional centres and areas of new housing, such as Cairns (C) and the Gold Coast in Queensland, Wagga Wagga (C) and Albury (C) in New South Wales, Ballarat (C) in Victoria, Murray Bridge (RC) in South Australia, and Albany (C) in Western Australia.
Category Three LGAs (low growth/high turnover) were typically in rural and remote areas (e.g. Cobar (A) and Murrumbidgee (A) in New South Wales, Longreach (S), Charters Towers (C) and Cloncurry in Queensland, and Coober Pedy (DC) in South Australia).
Category Four LGAs (low growth/low turnover) were typically in regional areas with older populations, such as Broken Hill (C), Gundagai (A) and Tenterfield in New South Wales, Launceston (C) in Tasmania, Ararat, (RC) Hepburn (S), Southern Grampians (S) in Victoria, and Renmark Paringa (DC) in South Australia.
Additional analysis, and population growth and turnover data for all LGAs, are available in Perspectives on Regional Australia: Population Growth and Turnover in Local Government Areas (LGAs), 2001 to 2006 (cat. no. 1380.0.55.007)including data for all LGAs, available from the Downloads tab. The publication also includes a detailed explanation of the methodology used and the limitations of using Census data to calculate population growth and turnover.
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