4519.0 - Recorded Crime - Offenders, 2018-19 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 06/02/2020   
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Offenders, Australia

There were 394,466 offenders proceeded against by police across Australia in 2018–19.

  • There was a 3% decrease in the number of offenders since 2017–18.
  • The offender rate also decreased by 89 offenders to 1,794 offenders per 100,000 persons. This was the lowest rate in the time series beginning in 2008–09.


Principal offence type

The three most common principal offences were:
  • Acts intended to cause injury with 78,530 offenders (20%)
  • Illicit drug offences with 77,074 offenders (20%)
  • Public order offences with 53,560 offenders (14%)

These offences have consistently been the most common three principal offences since 2012–13.

Public order offences decreased by 13% (7,677 offenders) since 2017–18, driven by decreases across all jurisdictions with the most from:
  • Northern Territory (down 27% or 1,408 offenders)
  • Victoria (down 14% or 1,463 offenders)
  • New South Wales (down 13% or 2,093 offenders)


Offenders, Principal offence of public order offences
Offenders, Principal offence of public order offences
Commonwealth of Australia 2020


Sex
  • Around three-quarters of offenders proceeded against by police were male (76%).
  • The male offender rate was over three times the female offender rate with:
    • 2,751 male offenders per 100,000 males
    • 856 female offenders per 100,000 females
  • Acts intended to cause injury was the most common principal offence for male offenders (20% or 60,418 offenders).
  • Illicit drug offences was the most common principal offence for female offenders (20% or 19,386 offenders).


Age
  • The median age for offenders nationally remained stable at 30 years.
  • Offenders aged between 20 and 24 years accounted for the largest proportion of offenders (16% or 63,015 offenders).
  • The offender rate for persons aged between 15 and 19 years decreased by 302 offenders since 2017–18 to 4,073 offenders per 100,000 persons. This was the largest decrease by age group for offender rates.
  • The offender rate for persons aged between 60 and 64 years was 417 offenders per 100,000 persons in 2018–19. This was the highest rate since the beginning of the time series in 2008–09 when it was at 303 offenders per 100,000 persons.