4519.0 - Recorded Crime - Offenders, 2018-19 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 06/02/2020   
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Experimental family and domestic violence statistics

Around one in five offenders proceeded against by police had at least one Family and Domestic Violence (FDV) related offence1 in 2018–19. This was the case across all states for which FDV data were available2, with the exception of Queensland3 and Tasmania4.

FDV offenders, Proportion of all offenders, Selected states and territories(a), 2018–19
Graph image for FDV offenders, Proportion of all offenders, Selected states and territories, 2018–19
Footnotes: (a) Data is not available from South Australia. Comparability with other states and territories may be affected by differences in legislation, reporting behaviour, police operational procedures or data availability. (b) Tasmanian data relate only to court actions against a partner/spouse/husband/wife (including former) or boyfriend/girlfriend (including ex-boyfriend/girlfriend) (see explanatory notes).

Commonwealth of Australia 2020


Sex

  • The proportion of male FDV-related offenders ranged from 79% in New South Wales to 84% in Victoria.
  • Male offenders were proceeded against for FDV-related offences around four to five times more than female offenders.


Age

The median age was higher for offenders proceeded against for an FDV-related offence compared with the median age of the total offender population in most jurisdictions (except for the Northern Territory where the median age was the same). For example, the median age for FDV offenders in New South Wales was 33 years, 4 years older than the median age of the total New South Wales offender population.


Principal offence type

The most common FDV-related principal offence was acts intended to cause injury except in Queensland3, ranging from 49% of FDV offenders in Western Australia to 79% in New South Wales.
The most common FDV-related principal offence in Queensland3 was breach of violence and non-violence orders (68%).


States and territories

The number of offenders proceeded against for at least one FDV-related offence in 2018–19 were:
  • 26,209 in New South Wales
  • 16,210 in Victoria
  • 13,136 in Queensland
  • 7,636 in Western Australia
  • 2,672 in the Northern Territory
  • 1,321 in Tasmania
  • 554 in the Australian Capital Territory

New South Wales
  • More than one in five offenders proceeded against by police in New South Wales had at least one FDV-related offence (22%).
  • There were 373 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons.
  • The majority of FDV offenders in New South Wales:
    had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (79%)
    were male (79%)
    were proceeded against once in the year (81%)
  • The male offender rate was almost four times higher than the female offender rate with:
    595 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
    156 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
  • There was an 8% increase in the number of offenders with an FDV-related offence since 2017–18 (up 1,884 offenders).
  • There were 33,543 FDV-related police proceedings.

Victoria
  • More than one in five offenders proceeded against by police in Victoria had at least one FDV-related offence (21%).
  • There was a 2% increase in the number of offenders with an FDV-related offence since 2017–18 (up 387 offenders) but the rate remained consistent at 284 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons.
  • The majority of FDV offenders in Victoria:
    had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (58%)
    were male (84%)
    were proceeded against once in the year (77%)
  • The male offender rate was over five times higher than the female offender rate with:
    481 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
    92 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
  • There were 21,937 FDV-related police proceedings.

Queensland3
  • There were 299 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons in Queensland.
  • The majority of FDV offenders in Queensland:
    had a principal offence of breach of violence and non-violence orders (68%)
    were male (82%)
    were proceeded against once in the year (74%)
  • The male offender rate was almost five times higher than the female offender rate with:
    500 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
    103 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
  • There were 18,074 FDV-related police proceedings.

Western Australia
  • Almost one in five offenders proceeded against by police in Western Australia had at least one FDV-related offence (19%).
  • There was a 4% decrease in the number of offenders with an FDV-related offence since 2017–18 (down 323 offenders).
  • There were 338 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons.
  • Almost half of FDV offenders had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (49%).
  • The majority of FDV offenders were male (82%).
  • The male offender rate was almost five times higher than the female offender rate with:
    555 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
    121 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females

Tasmania4
  • There were 281 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons in Tasmania.
  • The majority of FDV offenders in Tasmania:
    had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (65%)
    were male (80%)
    were proceeded against once in the year (71%)
  • The male offender rate was more than four times higher than the female offender rate with:
    456 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
    113 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
  • There were 1,928 FDV-related police proceedings4.

Northern Territory
  • A quarter of offenders proceeded against by police in the Northern Territory had at least one FDV-related offence (25%).
  • There was a 9% decrease in the number of offenders with an FDV-related offence since 2017–18 (down 274 offenders).
  • There were 1,276 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons.
  • The majority of FDV offenders in the Northern Territory:
    had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (72%)
    were male (83%)
    were proceeded against once in the year (77%)
  • The male offender rate was more than four times higher than the female offender rate with:
    2,040 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
    457 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
  • There were 3,619 FDV-related police proceedings.

Australian Capital Territory
  • More than one in five offenders proceeded against by police in the Australian Capital Territory had at least one FDV-related offence (22%).
  • There was a 6% decrease in the number of offenders with an FDV-related offence since 2017–18 (down 37 offenders).
  • There were 151 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons
  • The majority of FDV offenders in the Australian Capital Territory:
    had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (65%)
    were male (83%)
    were proceeded against once in the year (89%)
  • The male offender rate was almost five times higher than the female offender rate with:
    254 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
    52 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
  • There were 634 FDV-related police proceedings.


Breaches of violence and non-violence orders

Offenders proceeded against by police for an FDV-related breach of violence or non-violence order5 in 2018–19 included:
  • 10,755 in Queensland3
  • 8,328 in New South Wales
  • 8,092 in Victoria
  • 3,477 in Western Australia
  • 1,388 in the Northern Territory
  • 729 in Tasmania4
  • 119 in the Australian Capital Territory

The majority of offenders with an FDV-related breach of violence or non-violence order were male ranging from 81% in the Australian Capital Territory to 86% in Victoria and the Northern Territory.


1 The FDV data presented is experimental, with further work required to improve the comparability and quality of these data before they can be included in the main suite of the publication. Caution should be exercised when using the data and making comparisons across states and territories. Refer to the explanatory notes for more information.
2 Data available for all states and territories except South Australia (refer to explanatory notes for more information).
3 Police practices in Queensland regarding FDV-related assault differ from those in other jurisdictions. Users are cautioned not to compare Queensland data by principal offence to other jurisdictions (see explanatory notes).
4 Tasmanian data are restricted to only court actions against a partner/spouse/husband/wife (including former) or boyfriend/girlfriend (including ex-boyfriend/girlfriend).
5 A principal offence has not been applied to this count, rather this is a count of all offenders who were proceeded against by police at least once for an offence of breach of violence and non-violence orders (ANZSOC 153) which was flagged as FDV-related by police or identified as being within a specified family or domestic relationship during the reference period. See explanatory notes for other information about the counting units.