4510.0 - Recorded Crime - Victims, Australia, 2018 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/06/2019   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Victims of Crime

This chapter presents statistics on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Victims of crime for New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia and the Northern Territory. Based on an ABS assessment, Indigenous status data for other states and territories are not of sufficient quality and/or do not meet ABS standards for national reporting in 2018.

For the data presented here, there remained a small proportion of victims whose Indigenous status was "not stated/unknown". The proportion of unknown Indigenous status for offences may vary by offence type and from year to year. For this reason, caution should be exercised when interpreting movements in Indigenous status data. For further information, refer to the Explanatory Notes.


Assault

Between 2017 and 2018, the number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander victims of Assault1 increased in:

  • South Australia (up 12% or 239 victims) to 2,277 victims
  • New South Wales (up 4% or 171 victims) to 4,445 victims

A decrease was recorded over the same reference period in the Northern Territory (down 5% or 254 victims) to 5,132 victims . (Table 16)

Sex and age

In 2018 there were more female Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander victims of Assault than male victims:
  • 2,764 females (62%) compared to 1,671 males in New South Wales
  • 1,620 females (71%) compared to 651 males in South Australia
  • 3,919 females (76%) compared to 1,222 males in the Northern Territory (Table 17)

The Northern Territory recorded the highest victimisation rates in 2018, with 10,346 female victims per 100,000 persons and 3,136 male victims per 100,000 persons. (Table 17)

Between one quarter to a third of all victims of Assault were aged between 25 and 34 years: 26% in New South Wales; 30% in South Australia; and 31% in the Northern Territory. (Table 17)

Relationship of offender to victim

In 2018 the majority of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander victims of Assault knew the offender:
  • 88% in New South Wales (3,907 victims)
  • 88% in South Australia (2,008 victims)
  • 85% in the Northern Territory (4,355 victims) (Table 18)

For victims in New South Wales:
  • Over half of all victims were assaulted by a family member (53% or 3,907 victims)
  • Females accounted for the majority (73%) of victims assaulted by a family member (1,739 female victims) (Table 18)

For victims in South Australia:
  • Over a third were assaulted by a partner (36% or 826 victims)
  • One in ten (10%) were assaulted by a stranger (217 victims). Males accounted for just over half of all victims assaulted by a stranger (56 % or 122 male victims) (Table 18)

For victims in the Northern Territory:
  • Almost half were assaulted by a partner (46% or 2,365 victims)
  • Females accounted for the majority of victims assaulted by a partner (88% or 2,075 victims) (Table 18)

Location

For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander victims of Assault:
  • In New South Wales and South Australia most were assaulted at a residential location (64% and 62%)
  • A third of victims in the Northern Territory (34%) were victimised at a residential location while half (50%) occurred at a community location (Table 17)


Sexual assault

Between 2017 and 2018 the Sexual assault victimisation rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders increased in:
  • South Australia by 84 victims to 286 victims per 100,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons (which represented a total of 124 victims)
  • Queensland by 24 victims to 279 victims per 100,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons (which represented a total of 625 victims) (Table 16)

This rate decreased in:
  • New South Wales by 55 victims to 293 victims per 100,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons (which represented a total of 702 victims)
  • The Northern Territory by 48 victims to 226 victims per 100,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons (which represented a total of 174 victims) (Table 16)

Sex and age

In 2018 the number of female victims of Sexual assault was at least four times higher than male victims across each of these states and territories:
  • 552 females compared to 151 males in New South Wales
  • 533 females compared to 96 males in Queensland
  • 107 females compared to 19 males in South Australia
  • 158 females compared to 18 males in the Northern Territory (Table 20)

Over half of all victims were aged between 10 and 19 years in New South Wales and Queensland (58% each or 407 and 363 victims respectively). While in South Australia and the Northern Territory this age group accounted for around two-fifths of victims (43% in SA and 38% in the NT). (Table 19)

Relationship of offender to victim

For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander victims of Sexual assault in 2018:
  • The majority knew their offender (from 67% in the NT to 83% in SA)
  • The offender was most commonly identified as a non-family member across most of these states and territories (from 41% in the NT to 46% in SA)
  • In Queensland the offender was identified as a family member for around two-fifths of recorded victims (41%)
  • More females were sexually assaulted by a Stranger than males across all jurisdictions where this data was published (Table 20)


1Assault data are published for all states and territories except for Victoria and Queensland (see Explanatory Notes for more information).