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Thiamin (or vitamin B1) helps the body convert food into energy for the brain, nervous system and muscles. Thiamin is found in small quantities in a range of foods, but the main source is cereal foods.1 In Australia most wheat flour for bread making is fortified (enriched) with thiamin.2
Source(s): Australian Health Survey: Usual Nutrient Intakes, 2011-12
Approximately 7% of males and 16% of females had usual intakes of thiamin below their requirements. The proportion of persons with a usual intake not meeting their requirement was consistently higher for females aged 19 and over than for males, despite females in this age group having a lower EAR than males (0.9 mg/day and 1.0 mg/day respectively). This is consistent with Nutrition First Results – Food and Nutrients, 2011-12, where males had a higher consumption of thiamin rich cereals and cereal products.3
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