4364.0.55.008 - Australian Health Survey: Usual Nutrient Intakes, 2011-12  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 06/03/2015  First Issue
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product


THIAMIN

Thiamin (or vitamin B1) helps the body convert food into energy for the brain, nervous system and muscles. Thiamin is found in small quantities in a range of foods, but the main source is cereal foods.1 In Australia most wheat flour for bread making is fortified (enriched) with thiamin.2

Graph Image for Persons aged 2 years and over - Proportion of population with inadequate thiamin (B1) intakes

Source(s): Australian Health Survey: Usual Nutrient Intakes, 2011-12

Approximately 7% of males and 16% of females had usual intakes of thiamin below their requirements. The proportion of persons with a usual intake not meeting their requirement was consistently higher for females aged 19 and over than for males, despite females in this age group having a lower EAR than males (0.9 mg/day and 1.0 mg/day respectively). This is consistent with Nutrition First Results – Food and Nutrients, 2011-12, where males had a higher consumption of thiamin rich cereals and cereal products.3

ENDNOTES

1 Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2014, Australian Health Survey: Nutrition First Results - Foods and Nutrients, 2011-12, 'Table 10: Proportion of Nutrients from food groups', data cube: Excel spreadsheet, cat. no. 4364.0.55.007
2 National Health and Medical Research Council and New Zealand Ministry of Health, 2006, Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand, <http://www.nrv.gov.au/nutrients/thiamin>, last accessed 4/2/2015
3 Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2014, Australian Health Survey: Nutrition First Results - Foods and Nutrients, 2011-12, 'Table 5: Mean daily food intake', data cube: Excel spreadsheet, cat. no. 4364.0.55.007